Water Crisis in Los Angeles - Assignment

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Reserch Project – First DraftName:Date:11-13-2017Class:Section:10Water Crisis in Los AngelesIntroduction:Amid major environmental issues that the recent world is facing, water crisis ownssignificant importance. The crisis might seem looming throughout the world but the crisis is feltseverely in United States especially at the heart of Los Angeles. The city is expected toencounter an imminent crisis of water, which happens to be most important element of survivalmaking it a necessity of life. The severe implication of water crisis refers to lack of clean wateravailability and its supply affecting its consumption. In order to tackle the situation before it getson the nerve of the human civilization, it requires appropriate and effective solution. In order tostop the process of crisis and let it become reversible it is required to act and respond now.Imposition of taxes and application of penalization can be a solution (Stauffer, 2013).. Anothersolution can be making the people aware and assisting them in storing rainwater. It would requiremass education about water crisis provided to them with probable solutions tackled andmaintained by human. The last solution is related to encouraging people for installing rainwater-harvesting system. For the situation in Los Angeles the policy mix that better targets the solutionof the imminent crisis is the combination of both rainwater harvesting as well as building mass
awareness. Before the situations reverse coming up with appropriate solution is mandatory andthis further involves consideration of various environmental, economic and social issues andtheir solution.Overview (Economic, Social, Environment Issues):Social:The risk of water shortage globally is much worse than the anticipations made byscientists. The research study in the journal Science Advance shows that all over the worldapproximately 4 billion people are living without access to fresh water at least one month withina year(Clarke, 2013)The major sufferer of the worse crisis is expected to be the economiesmostly specific to Middle East, Africa and Central Asia by almost 2050(Clarke, 2013)The overtime growth in population and subsequent increased demand for cities and agricultural activitieswould exacerbate the shortage even in the affluent areas. It is also expected by the economiststhat water issue can even ignite the world war. Application of water management policiesthroughout the world would lead to fall in GDP of Central and East Asia by 11% and 7%respectively (Stauffer, 2013).The issue evokes the importance of tackling various social,economic and environmental aspects globally. The losses in terms of economics can be capturedin failure of crops, inadequate food availability and supply and poor business or even fall in thebusinesses. Another important effect of water shortage on society would be spurred migrationand rising conflicts globally mostly in Africa and Middle Easy(Gonzalez, 2013)Environmental:Alarming environmental issues are well captured in loss of biodiversity across regions ofthe world, dehydration of the lakes, rivers and other water bodies and pollution of acquifers
(Clarke, 2013)The population of wetlands present in t he world have lessened over the years withmassive disappearance. The crucial impact of water shortage lies in the change of the climatethrough lower precipitations. The problem of climatic change in terms of more warm fall andwinter with less amount of rain intensifies the issue. The greater the temperature, higher is theevaporation and greater will be the probability of water shortage. The prevention in accessingwater further stops investment channelized to create new jobs. The increasing malnutrition anddiseases are the major social factors. Water is the core element of ensuring quality of life. Withthe absence of sanitation, safety and reliability in water supply the world health is at major risk.Within United States, this crisis is spreading its gloom around cities and states. As per citationmade by EPA, around 36 states are facing water crisis within different areas of US(Gonzalez,2013).The New York Times published article makes the revelation how 20% of water treatmentsystem in America has been violating regulations of Safe Drinking Water Act for almost fiveyears (Stauffer, 2013).. This made the cities like Los Angeles face with future threats of watershortage.Depletion of groundwater supplies consolidates the shortage. There has been lack in theinfrastructure of cities to collect, store and re-use the rain-water(Gonzalez, 2013). In general therain waters gets drained into oceans which can be used for meeting the need of water. Waterdelivery system also contributes to loss of water. With the increasing pressure of population, thecompetition revolving around clean water availability and supply has grown strongly to meet thehuman needs of daily life like cooking, drinking bathing and sustaining other necessities of life(Gonzalez, 2013)The water shortage poses greater challenge to the growth and development ofany region as a whole. As per the report made by World Water Council in 2016, more than onepeople out of six with a total population of 1.1 billion are prevented from accessing safe drinking
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