Security Assignment | Issues of Security and Justice

Added on - 28 May 2020

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Running head:ISSUES OF SECURITY AND JUSTICE IN THE 21ST CENTURYIssues of Security and Justice In The 21st CenturyName of the Student:Name of the University:Author note:
ISSUES OF SECURITY AND JUSTICE IN THE 21ST CENTURYIn earlier days, the national security was completely centered on a strategy that the militaryand the political leaders follow in their individual countries in order to defend their national interests,keeping their focus on the military, economic, informational and diplomatic instruments of power.With the passage of time, the world has increasingly become more independent and at the same time,character and frequency of threats have increased largely. Human sustainability threats such asIlliteracy, conflict, poverty, water scarcity, hunger and pollution are some of the major threats that arestill holding the top place in the global agenda in this 21stcentury (Aduloju and Pratt 2014). Thesethreats has become more complex and numerous and are crossing the national boundaries bychallenging the betterment of the humanity as a whole. In current days, the international security isclosely related with the concept of globalization and they are now considered the prime factors intoday’s economic and political situation.The immensegrowth of globalizationin the 21stcentury has provided both positive as wellas negative effects. It has become the greatest and most influential builder of a new global securitypicture (Baylis and Smith 2003). The positive effect include that globalization has lead to moreeffective cooperation between the nations upon various different issues involving cultural, economicaland political cooperation. However, these same issues have the negative effects as well. Thiscooperation in between the different countries are resulting in the collision of different views, whichin turn is raising conflicts, as for example, the terrifying terrorist attacks of 9/11, which took place dueto the different views on same question- “who will rule?”After the end of the Cold War, which took place more than a decade ago, an expectation ofdramatic improvement was there in the sphere of global as well as national security but this hope isfailed, as the emergence of new challenges has substituted the threat of thenuclear weaponwithcivilization destruction (Heverin 2014). Although, these challenges and issues were existed inprevious days as well but in the 21stcentury i.e. the era of globalization, they have attained anothersounding, as the world has become far more interconnected and mutually dependent than ever before.Hence, these challenges have turned to acquire a universal character rapidly, which in turn is creatinga threat to both international as well as national security and stability. In this period of 21stcentury,
ISSUES OF SECURITY AND JUSTICE IN THE 21ST CENTURYthese issues and challenges, which are posed to the international and national communities, haveinfluenced the lives of many people belonging from different nations by putting an impact on thefacilitation and development of the relations in between nations. In this century, the global economy isseparated into two types of zones, which are of stagnation and growth. In the 1960s, the income of20% of the richest of the total world’s population surpasses by only 30times to that of the 20% ofpoorest, but as of 2017, the gap has trebled. The problems related to the unemployment, socialinjustice, low wages, discrepancies etc. in the domain of especially culture and religion hascontributed immensely to the challenges of improvement in the international security.One among the most critical issues that the world community is facing in the 21stcentury is therecognition of the state problems related to national as well as international security. As mentionedearlier, the threat ofinternational terrorismhas become the greatest threat to the global security ofhumankind. Therefore, there are several attempts made by the stakeholders in order to bring down orto maintain those statuses of threats and to control them with the help of military force. On the otherhand, the danger ofimmigrationto the societal security of a particular state in the 21stcentury is alsoconsidered to be a threat, though not objective or universal but it is rather a subjective threat that isdependent to the different ways in which the state that is receiving, defines itself.In Africa, the UN system is playing a vital role in collaborating assistance of every kind inorder to help the country help itself. Right from encouraging the growth of various democraticinstitutions to building of peace between the warring nations, it system is always present on the fieldsupporting the social and economic development and with the same, promoting and protecting thehuman rights (Charvet and Kaczynska 2008). Apart from this, one of the major issues of security thatthe word is facing in the 21stera is the new threat ofHIV/AIDS, malariaandtuberculosis(De Cocket al. 2013). They are only a few of the most infectious diseases that are continuing to plague thehumanity. The AIDS related deaths in the world have risen to its peak ever since the end of the coldwar. The international response to the HIV has prevented near about 32 million of new HIV infectionsas well as over 8 million deaths, resulting from the AIDs. There are some new threats like theavianfluand theSARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome)that have emerged in this new era. The
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