Italian Cinema and Its History | Assignment

Added on - 16 Sep 2019

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Running Head: Italian Cinema and its History1Italian Cinema and its HistoryNameSubmitted toDate
Running Head: Italian Cinema and its History2Table of ContentsIntroduction......................................................................................................................................3Discussion........................................................................................................................................4Conclusion.......................................................................................................................................9Citations.........................................................................................................................................10
Running Head: Italian Cinema and its History3IntroductionThe Italian film industry has an epic history which has helped it to guide and shape the wholecourse of international cinema. The uniqueness of the Italian films is one of the vital factor for itssuccess. The Italian film industry has developed in a very slow, regressive and defensive mannerwhich was seen to be rapid and expansive at some places. The industry is seen to encompassvarious histories influencing, changing, affecting and interacting within its own fabric. Italiancinema can be considered as a son of figurative arts and literature and a self-declared inheritor.The Italian cinema has constructed its basis on the artistic and literary structures and havesuccessfully been able to confidently draw from the wider patrimony of art and internationalliterature. Gradually, the Italian cinema learnt the usage of theatre screen as a helper forportraying the collective dreams of the accurate reflection of the daily life in Italy. This helpedthe development of an anamorphic lens which will be beneficial in celebrating the vices whichforms the spine ofthe Italian national character (Bertellini, Giorgio, 2004).The Italian films and its journey started from the late 1890s, much later from the invention ofmoving pictures which took places in 1880s. First known Italian film was produced in 1896which recorded the Florence visit of Italian King And Queen. However, the commercial Italianfilm industry started in 1905 with movies like20 Settembre 1870(The Capture of Rome,September 20, 1870), historical film by Florentine Filoteo Alberini,La Presa di Roma.Soonvarious companies were seen sprang up Milan, Turin and Naples and a standard market in thenational and international arena was developed. Italy had its position in the movie productionand screenwriting prior to the First World War. The movies were first seen to be documentary,mythological or historical in nature however, a transition was seen by 1910 when Italian makersmoved towards comedies and art films. The Italian film studios are considered to be serious
Running Head: Italian Cinema and its History4historical filmmakers and are pioneer in this field(Marcus 1986, Burgoyne 1991, Dalle Vacche1992).Therepresentationof the pioneer history of Italian cinema as explained byGian PieroBrunetta has been found to passim (Brunetta 1979, 1981 and 1982).This paper discusses the development and evolvement of the Italian Cinema and how it hasemerged to be one of the impactful film industry in the world. The paper focuses on theinvolvement of important films and directors of the industry in the period between 1915 to 2015.The paper depicts how the Italian cinema has transformed over these decades representing thevarious phases along with raising some intense questions on thesocial, cultural, and political andreligion based issues in the country.DiscussionIn 1910, a film calledThe Fall of Troyproduced byTurin-based Giovanni Pastrone which wasone of the greatest commercial success. Later, he produced a two-and-a-half hour epicnamedCabiriafeaturing highly dramatic settings which were seen to derive from the grandopera tradition. Various cameras were used for picturisation of the film to shoot from variousangles rather than a fixed single camera. This method became a standard for any film productionsystem globally (Muscio, Giuliana, 2013). Additionally, the concept of moving camera was usedfor the very first time. The use of close up for highlighting the beautiful features of actors andactress were pioneered by theItalian filmmakers.Cinecittà, considered to be the breeding groundfor the most acclaimed film directors was established in 1930 in Rome.A series of propaganda films were seen to be produced in the World War II era. These werefollowed by newly inspired film genre known as Neorealism exploring the demoralizingeconomic conditions of the county.The period between1945 and 1948 saw the works of DeSantis, De Sica, Rossellini and Visconti saw unleashing of energy which was intense enough to
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