Jaywalking and Prevention Assignment

Added on - 21 Apr 2020

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Running head: JAYWALKING AND PREVENTIONJaywalking and PreventionName of the StudentName of the UniversityAuthor’s note
1JAYWALKING AND PREVENTIONExecutive SummaryThe report targets to explore the issues of jaywalking and distracted walking behaviour atintersections as experienced by pedestrians. In order to effectively address the issues and rendersuitable suggestions to supply remedies to unsafe road practices, various recommendations andactive involvement of the persons belonging to diverse backgrounds are imperative. Therefore, inkeeping with the prospective targets, the process of the study would incorporate a mixed methodapproach whereby both the qualitative as well as quantitative assessment of the collected datawould be carried out. The quantitative evaluation will resort to retrieving associated informationfrom the available resources and databases related to road safety statistics. Rigorous and detailedstatistical analysis employing suitable tools will be undertaken to interpret the data accurately forexhibiting meaningful and scientifically appropriate data. Further, observational as well asquestionnaire survey would be indicative of the behaviour with respect to jaywalking anddistractive walking behaviours as noted in case of the pedestrians. The recommendations and thepossible interventions will thus be suggested in accordance with the acquired findings.
2JAYWALKING AND PREVENTIONTable of ContentsExecutive Summary.........................................................................................................................1Introduction:-...................................................................................................................................3What is Jaywalking:-...................................................................................................................4Distraction Behaviour and Patterns/ Models:-.............................................................................6EducationandEnforcementmethodsforjaywalkingprevention:-.................................................9Education Methods:-................................................................................................................9Enforcement Methods:-.........................................................................................................10Role of Fear Appeal:-....................................................................................................................11The role of fear appeal is mainly subdivided in three categories. These are as follows:..........13Drive Theory:-.......................................................................................................................13Subjective Expected Utility Theory:-....................................................................................14Protection Motivation Theory:-.............................................................................................15Model Evaluation:-........................................................................................................................17References:-...................................................................................................................................25
3JAYWALKING AND PREVENTIONIntroduction:-In this projected study, research will be carried out following preferable protocols andabiding by the conventional guidelines for research. Extensive literature review would conductan attempt to synthesize pertinent space and also detect the research gaps. Upon identification ofthe research gaps, proper aims and objectives might be set up. The research questionscorrespondingly will also be framed in alignment with the aims and subsequent steps. Theresearch questions will be addressed in a proper manner. For the methodology section, mattersconcerning the inputs including data collection, presentation of data and the processes required tocarry out the task would be elaborated and described in sufficient details. The formulae, tools,survey methods and questionnaires as well as statistical methods will be evaluated in details inthe course of study. Moreover, outputs in the form of performance indicators would address theaims through provision of suitable justifications.The primary results for inclusion in the study will be evaluated by virtue of incorporation ofplots, tables and graphs. Descriptions would be carried out through explanation of the results inthe context of the aim. Research recommendations would be provided according to the extractprocured from discussing the corresponding matters. In the conclusion, summary of what hasbeen carried out in course of the project and the major points derived from the study would beincorporated. The chances of further work and implications borne out of the study would befurthered answered in the conclusion and interpretation section to provide an overview of thesignificance of the study.In order to perform the research study in a satisfactory and effective way, the generalizedprotocols and formats would be followed and abided by the entire duration of the study.
4JAYWALKING AND PREVENTIONSystematic and stepwise protocols would be utilized for the sake of performing that conforms tothe existing guidelines and established the pathway to carry out the research.We are concerned about threetopics here:-1)Jaywalkinganddistractionbehaviourpatterns/models2)EducationandEnforcementmethodsforjaywalkingprevention3)RoleoffearappealandpeerpressureinpreventionWhat is Jaywalking:-Advancement of science and technology in the current days has opened up plethora ofscopes for the utilization of the gadgets for working out a number of activities under variousconditions. Reliable and valid estimates have forecasted that the numbers of jaywalking wouldgo up exorbitantly in the next decade. In general, jaywalking occurs when a pedestrian walksacross or in a roadway illegally. The term is largely used in the United States. Jaywalking doesnot formally display priority regulations for pedestrians and drivers at road junctions or otherlocations, except with respected to labelled zebra crossings where motorists are needed to giveaway to pedestrians under assigned conditions. Elsewhere, the Highway Code depends on thepedestrians making their own judgment about whether it is safe to cross, based on the “GreenCross Code”. Pedestrians have priority over tunning vehicles. Drivers should always watchpedestrians crossing a road and give them priority.Jaywalking data has been collected from Brunswick. In the preliminary analysis, ourfinding is that at least 10% of the pedestrians were jaywalking.A pertinent hypothesis by roadengineers is that pedestrians would invest proper attention to their surroundings, thereforemaking way for those features to have a reasonable effect on their behaviour. However,
5JAYWALKING AND PREVENTIONexceptions to this ideal circumstance might happen at instances in case of diverse set ofsituations and activities. Handheld while looking down, headphones on and talking while onphone are the reasons behind jaywalking.Jaywalking is commonly perceived as an urban traffic safety problem. Safety practicesenforce campaigns to curb crosswalks, fewer than 20% occur in close proximity to a crosswalk.When exercised with caution, jaywalking or crossing away from intersections, where legal canbe safer for pedestrians than exercising their right-of-way at crosswalks that are not equippedwith pedestrian signals.A police investigation previously incorporated targeting jaywalking inthe Melbourne last year observed that due to 561 jaywalking violations in 19-day period, apedestrian fatality occurred at Collins Street. Also a recent ‘VicRoads’ survey in last year showsthat 50% of the motorists responded that the habit is mostly affecting the driving wherepedestrians crossing the roads without looking with a significant number of 196 accident deathsin Victoria. In this connection, effective utilization of the roads and paths for safe walking isimperative for the pedestrians in terms of interaction with vehicles that can potentially be verydangerous. Travelling on road following strict traffic rules and protocols fall under responsibilityof pedestrians and that is promoted by road safety guidelines lay down by appropriateauthorities.Pedestrians are often made alert about their surroundings by means of observing thetraffic, road signs and signage that are indicative of the safe timing to cross the road. Decreasedcognitive capacity results in persons who tend to multitask over cell phone while crossing thestreet. Global status report regarding road safety published in the year 2013 accounted for thedecade of actions pursued at both international and national levels (WHO 2013). There has beena dearth of evidence in support of this dilemma as accident report only proposes pedestrian
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