Ask a question from expert

Ask now

Kant's Categorical Imperative and Natural Law Theory: Analysis of Virtue and Ethics

Reading and answering study questions on Immanuel Kant's views on free will and morality, including the difference between categorical and hypothetical imperatives, the forms of Kant's categorical imperative, and problems with its application.

10 Pages2421 Words309 Views
   

Added on  2023-06-11

About This Document

This article delves into Kant's Categorical Imperative and Natural Law Theory and their implications on ethics and virtue. It also analyzes excessive and deficient habits and vices and their impact on morality. The article discusses the immoral acts of treating people as means to an end, the characteristics of human nature, and Aristotle's analysis of virtue as a habit that lies in a mean between excess and deficiency.

Kant's Categorical Imperative and Natural Law Theory: Analysis of Virtue and Ethics

Reading and answering study questions on Immanuel Kant's views on free will and morality, including the difference between categorical and hypothetical imperatives, the forms of Kant's categorical imperative, and problems with its application.

   Added on 2023-06-11

BookmarkShareRelated Documents
Running head: KANT AND PHILOSOPHY
KANT AND PHILOSOPHY
Name of student:
Name of university:
Author note:
Kant's Categorical Imperative and Natural Law Theory: Analysis of Virtue and Ethics_1
1
KANT AND PHILOSOPHY
Kant argues that it is always wrong to treat people as a means to an end ONLY, that is, as a tool
or instrument to get something done without their consent as
rational beings. Rather, we should always treat people as ends-in-themselves, that is, as entities
with intrinsic worth. In doing so, we can do our duty to the categorical imperatives, obtain a
good will, and act right. Your task is, I think,
relatively easy: think of at least two situations where someone or a group of people is treated as a
means to an end only and, using Kantian concepts, show why such activity is immoral. You may
find an application of the second categorical
imperative is helpful, along with an emphasis on contradictions of the will or self-defeating
patterns of behavior (as I explain in my lecture).
Ans.) The term categorical imperative refers to the objective, rationally requisite and
unconditional principle that needs to be followed despite the prevalence of the natural desires or
the inclinations (Guyer 2014). According to Kant, the moral requirements are justified through
the principle that indicates all the immoral actions as they infringe the Categorical Imperative.
The two situations in which people are used as a means to the end are as follows. The first
situation is when a woman would marry a man solely for his wealth and by doing so would try to
secure her economic position. In a patriarchal society, it has been found that women are
discouraged from pursuing their career and they are made to believe they should devote
themselves in the private sphere and concentrate on the affective roles. Due to this pressure of
role-play on women to succeed in the private sphere, women are socialized to essay their role
perfectly in the private sphere. Therefore, many women seek economic security in their
Kant's Categorical Imperative and Natural Law Theory: Analysis of Virtue and Ethics_2
2
KANT AND PHILOSOPHY
relationship especially in their marriage and look for partners who have the potential to satiate all
their economic needs. Terms like gold-digger and social climber have been used for such
women. Although, it is the structure that pushes these women to resort to such preferences,
however it cannot be denied that women that women take these decisions very well knowing that
they are marrying such men to fulfill their financial needs or otherwise they would not have
married such men. The second incident where a group or a person is treated as means to achieve
certain end would be the phenomenon of the stolen generation in Australia. The aboriginal
children in Australia were taken away despite the resistance of the Aboriginal adults. The
rationale behind stealing or snatching away these aboriginal children can be attributed to the
malevolent motive of the white colonial settlers in Australia for using these children as station
workers and domestic workers. In the absence of the cheap and unpaid labour that were forced
out of these children, the colonial settlers would not have been able to build the infrastructure
and wealth that would ultimately contribute to their prosperity. The authorities took away these
children on the pretext that they would be neglected by the Aboriginal parents. However, the
children remained malnourished as they were not compensated for their arduous labour. Both
these illustrations are indicative of immoral acts that have been envisaged by Kant. According to
the ethical tenet of Kant, that there are certain acts that are absolutely immoral and is deemed to
be incompatible in a civilized society (White 2009). Kant was of the opinion an act should
follow the rational goals of human action rather than merely satiating one’s purpose. If the goals
sought by an individual has wrecks the moral fabric of the society, such acts should not be
entertained. The theory of Kant is reflective of deontological moral theory as it does not depend
on the wrongness or the rightness of the action and depend on the consequences of the action in
terms of fulfillment of duty.
Kant's Categorical Imperative and Natural Law Theory: Analysis of Virtue and Ethics_3

End of preview

Want to access all the pages? Upload your documents or become a member.

Related Documents
Assignment on The Categorical Imperative of Kant
|3
|397
|18

Ethical Question: Detaining Non Citizen Children
|5
|942
|58

Kantian Ethics and Utilitarianism in Frank's Mercy Killing Case
|7
|1535
|385

Ethics in International Management Answer 2022
|4
|762
|18

Ethical Dilemmas in International Business
|3
|1371
|64

Human Resource Management - Assignment (HRM)
|10
|2684
|84