Key Milestones of the Travel and Tourism Industry

Added on - 04 Oct 2020

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PROJECTTable of Contents
INTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................3LO1..................................................................................................................................................3P1 Key milestones of the travel and tourism industry................................................................3P2 Elements of travel and tourism industry................................................................................5LO 2.................................................................................................................................................7P3 Different factors affecting the tourism behaviour..................................................................7P4 Different motivational models helping in influencing the consumers decision makingprocess.........................................................................................................................................8LO 3...............................................................................................................................................10P5 Recent trends in international travel and tourism industry..................................................10LO 4...............................................................................................................................................11P6 Factors affecting the popularity of global destination..............................................................11CONCLUSION..............................................................................................................................12REFERENCES..............................................................................................................................14
INTRODUCTIONThetravel and tourism sector is growing at a very fast pace. Also the people are gainingmore knowledge of the travelling to different countries and also started developing interest intravelling to other countries in order to have fun, leisure time, for the purpose of the business, orfor exploring new places, cultures, places of historic and religious importance and for many morereasons (Medlik, ed., 2016). With the study of the report it will be clear that travelling hasevolved since ages back in the history and also it will discuss the development of the wholetravel and tourism industry. Furthermore it will demonstrate the different elements or thecomponents of the tourism and travel industry. After that it will highlights some different typesof factors which influences and impacts the tourism behaviour. Further it will show that how theapplication of some models of motivation helps in influencing the decision making process of thecustomers. Further it will outline and discuss some emerging and recent trends in travel andtourism industry at the international level. At last the report will discuss and examine some of thefactors which affects the popularity of the global destination.LO1P1 Key milestones of the travel and tourism industryTourism is the transient movement of human beings to particular destination out of doorstheir regular workplaces and abode, the sports undertaken at some stage in their stay in the onesdestinations, and the facilities developed to fulfil their wishes (Boniface, Cooper, and Cooper,2016). However, the history of travel and tourism industry is divided into six stages which areexplained below:The Empire Phase(BC to 5th century): The Empire period have initiated from thetime of the Egyptians to the Greek and eventually came to a stop with the decline of the Romanempire. All through the time, humans started out journeying in huge numbers for governmental,commercialized, academic and religious purposes. Further, elements that have shape the traveland tourism industry in the course of the Empire generation are inclusive of wealthy populacewith money and time to travel, secure and easy tour, extensively usual currencies, extensivelyused language, legitimate system which protects non-public protection etc.The Middle age and Renaissance Era (5th to 14th century):tourism nearly vanishedduring the middle ages wherein travel have become risky and irregular. Thus, the journey
scenario in the course of the middle era includes transportation and security declined, lesspopularity of currencies and much less information of common languages, some travel viacrusaders to Holy Lands, Macro polo’ s historical journey within the overdue thirteenth centuryetc. Further, the rebirth in tour emerged slowly in the course of the Renaissance generation (14thto 16th century) which encompasses of trade path slowly commenced to reopen, as businessactivities grew and the traders ventured into new dominion and accelerated interest in travel fortrade and pleasure (Xiang, Magnini and Fesenmaier, 2015).The Grand Tour Phase (1613 to 1785 A.D):There are various factors that influencesthe travel and tourism industry in context of the grand tour era which is inclusive of trend ofluxurious tour started out by wealthy English, formed as a status symbolization and unfold forthe duration of Europe, purpose was to experience the Civilized existence and research thehumanities and sciences, further, these travelling frequently lasted for some years and boom intravel for enterprise motives.The Mobility Era (1800 To 1944):There are various components in this phase thatdrives the development of travel and tourism industry which is inclusive of developing financialactivity, development in system of rules, manner, and speeds of travelling like roads, railroads,steamships and Thomas cook who is a Father of Tourism evolved excursion programs for masstour,further it includes invention of vehicle and aircraft increased freedom to journey and at lastin this era, in 1841, Thomas cook organized the primary excursion for a collection of 570 to waita temperance rally in Leicester, England.The Modern Era (1945 To Present):There are various factors of this era which haveinfluenced the travel and tourism industry which encompasses of Paid holiday added in the earlyNineteen Nineties made relaxation journey viable for running and centre lessons. Moreover,during this era thousands and thousands of human beings have been delivered to global journeyfor the duration of world war II, further, it also includes creation of Jet travel shortened journeytime and time, wealth, security and interest in tour caused remarkable increase of tourism andimprovement of mass tourism.However, these above mentioned milestones have shaped the travel and tourism in such away that today this industry has been rapidly developing and people are investing their money inthis industry by visiting various destinations and spending their vacations on different locations.
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