Law and Building Surveying Professional Practice | Assignment
Added on - Sep 2019
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Law and BuildingSurveying ProfessionalPractice, Law and HousingProfessionalABC[Pick the date]
Law and Building Surveying Professional Practice, Law and Housing Professional1Situation:I work in a multi-disciplinary surveying practice. My supervisor is Tony Jackson who hasreceived and e-mail from the client named ‘Alan Jones’ of NDL. NDL owns a site in Newcastleupon Tyne which is being developed to create new student accommodation. NDL have enteredinto a building contract for phase one of the scheme with Clipper Ltd which is due to completeon 1 May 2017. Work has yet to commence for phases two and three. NDL have encounteredsome problems about which they are seeking professional advice. Tony has asked me to carryout some research into these issues so that he is fully briefed before meeting with the client.Advice to Tony on the first issueIssue 1: On the opposite side of the street to Phase One of the scheme there is anotherdevelopment ongoing consisting of the conversion of warehouses into luxury apartments. Theowner of that site has complained that the apartment block that has been constructed on NDL’sland has affected the daylight the warehouse buildings enjoy.AdviceUnder the ‘Building and Land Management Law’, there is a term called ‘easement’ which isconcerned with the rights and duties of the owners of land. Every owner of the land has the rightof support for his land from the other pieces of land that may be adjacent to it. This is the naturalright with every owner of the land and this right exists because of the nature of land. This rightcan also be acquired and when it is acquired, it is called as ‘easement’ (Galbraith, 2013). Underthis easement right, the owner is given a piece of land and he has the full right to use it or restrictits use if anyone else is trying to capture it or anyone else is making the land belong to him/her.Easement is of various types like (Juergensmeyer, 2013):
Law and Building Surveying Professional Practice, Law and Housing Professional2When the owner of land gets the right to cross the land that belongs to other party, it iscalled easement of way.When the owner of land gets the right to store the goods on the land that belongs tosomeone else, it is called as the easement of storage.When the owner of land gets the right to get his land’s support by any land that belongsto someone else, it is called as the easement of support.Lastly, and relevant to this issue, when the owner of land gets the right to capturethe flow of light to any building that is located on his land over the land that isowned by someone else. Then it is called as the easement of light.In this above issue, there is an apartment block that is being constructed on NDL’s land. Thisapartment block is restraining the daylight to enter in the warehouse buildings that are located onthe opposite side of streets. So, the owner of the warehouse buildings, who is trying to convertthe warehouses into luxury apartments, has complained about the fact that his buildings cannotenjoy the daylight due to the construction of apartment block on NDL’s land. In light of thisissue and the concept of easement, it can be assessed that the owner of the warehouse buildingshas the right to capture the light in this building and he can sue the other owner of land whoseconstruction is affecting the entry of light in the warehouse building.Easement is applicable when it burdens one piece of land called as the servient land for theadvantage of other piece of land which is called as the dominant land. When the easement oflight occurs, the dominant land owner can ask for the flow of light for the benefit of his dominantland. The easement is invalid if the dominant land is not benefitted (Owley, 2015). The benefitcan be in terms of increase in the value of land or any other way. In the present situation, theeasement is valid because the dominant and owner i.e. the land owner of the warehouse buildings
Law and Building Surveying Professional Practice, Law and Housing Professional3is concerned about the daylight in the buildings. If there is not light; the apartments will not bebought by people as everyone prefers to live in those apartments where there is good naturallight, so it can decrease the value of apartments. The complaint is for the benefit of the owner ofdominant land. So, easement applies here and the owner has the right to get restraining orders forthe construction of the apartment block on NDL’s land.Then, no easement occurs if the dominant and the servient land is owned and occupied by thesame person. This is because, if one person occupies both lands, then he will take care of hislands and he has the right over both of them. But, if the person owns both lands but the occupieris different like a tenet is living on one of the lands, so the easement can occur. In the abovesituation, the owners are different, so the owner of the warehouse building can practice hiseasement against the owner of the apartment block.In the above situation, it is recommended that NDL owner must stop his construction or revise itas the construction is blocking the light from entering into the other buildings on the oppositeside of road. The easement principle of the ‘Buildings and Land Management’ law makes thecomplaint of the warehouse building owner valid and it is his right to get the easement of light.So, if the issue goes to court, the NDL owner will suffer losses, and therefore, he should makethe apartment block in such a way that the other land owner rights and issues are taken intoconsideration and he is not harmed.