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The Nature of Leadership And Bureaucracy- GMGM 5063

Added on - 14 Jul 2022

A bureaucratic leadership style was proposed by Max Weber in 1947 as one of several variations of leadership. It is a command-and-control management style characterized by subordinates being compelled to follow rules and authority structures that have been established by superiors. Callahan et al (2017) define bureaucracy as a command-and-control management style. Another way to say this is that these leaders adhere to rules made by higher-ups within the organization.

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UUM COLLEGE OF LAW, GOVERNMENT AND
INTERNATIONAL STUDIES
UNIVERSITI UTARA MALAYSIA
(SCHOOL OF GOVERNMENT)
FIRST SEMESTER
2021/2022 (A211)
INDIVIDUAL ASSIGNMENT
GMGM 5063
LEADERSHIP AND MANAGEMENT
ASSIGNMENT TITLE:
THE NATURE OF LEADERSHIP
(LEADERSHIP AND BUREAUCRACY)
PREPARED FOR:
DR. SAKINAH MUSLIM
PREPARED BY:
ROPNIESHWARI A/P MAHADEVAN
(s829283)
LIST OF CONTENT
CONTENTPAGE
1
1.0 Introduction1
1.1 The Origin Story1
1.2 Definition of Bureaucratic Leadership2
2.0 Theories Shaping Bureaucratic Leadership3
2.1 Authority Hierarchy4
2.2 Formal Rules and Regulation5
2.3 Job Specialization5
2.4 Impersonality6
2.5 Career Orientation6
2.6 Formal Selection6-7
3.0 Constituents of Bureaucratic Leadership7
3.1 Fixed Official Duties8
3.2 Hierarchy of Authority8
3.3 Technical Expertise8
3.4 System of Rules9
3.5 Written Documentation9
4.0 Advantages and Disadvantages of Bureaucratic Leadership9
4.1 Advantages9-10
4.2 Disadvantages11
5.0 Final Thoughts12
References13
1.0Introduction
2
In 1947, Max Weber proposed bureaucratic leadership as one of several leadership
styles. According to Callahan et al (2017), bureaucratic is a command and control
management style and defined in which subordinates are compelled to follow particular
rules including authority structures that have been created by superiors. To put it another
way, these leaders follow official rules established by higher-ups within the organization.
The bureaucratic leadership style is highlighted on an organization's administrative
demands(Mulder, P. 2017). Generally, team members and divisions in both the corporate
and public sectors utilise this nature of management method. In the public sector,
however, it is primarily employed to achieve the desired results, which is dependent on
consistency and strict obedience to rules and regulations (Wren et al, 2009). However,
there are distinguishing characteristics that set the bureaucratic leadership style apart from
others used by organizations worldwide. In this leadership setup, leaders establish a level
of isolation for the labour needs that teams must complete (Wren et al, 2009).
1.1 The Origin Story
Figure 1: Max Weber
In accordance to Kumar, R. (2016), the concept of bureaucratic leadership was
developedbyMaxWeber,thesociologistwhoinventedthephrase"transactional
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leadership." He grew up during the industrial revolution and observed the movement of
civilization toward more structure, from heavy industry to expansive farms. Kumar, R.
(2016) had further specified that, Max Weber had advanced this concept in response to a
growing desire for a much more effective strategy of administering these groups, which
had traditionally relied on favouritism.
1.2 Definition of Bureaucratic Leadership
The term "bureaucracy" does not always bring a grin to one's face. Bureaucratic
leadership is one of the oldest forms of leadership in the world, despite its negative
connotations and shady reputation (Kumar, R. 2016). Rule-based systems have been
shown to be an effective way to govern and organise communities (Callahan, R. F.,
2017). The term bureaucracy encapsulates some of the leadership model's core traits.
Cambridgedictionariesdefinebureaucracyas"asystemformanaginganation,
corporation, or organisation that is administered by a vast number of personnel employed
to follow regulations meticulously". The phrase originated in French, where bureau
means "office" or "desk," andkratiameans "power" or "authority" in Greek (Kumar, R.
2016). Administrative power is therefore fundamentally "the office power". Throughout
the history of the bureaucratic system's use and the various ways in which the model has
been established, three essential features have remained constant (Bolman & Deal, 2008).
These include the following:
Officialism- The systems lack initiative and adaptability.
Red tape- Compliance with legislation and formalities is a high priority.
Proliferation - The systems have a proclivity for fast expansion.
Despite its negative connotations, bureaucracy has historically played a critical role in
governing countries. Throughout history, bureaucratic structures have been reformed and
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It can be safely said that bureaucratic leadership has been rigorously tested over the years. Due to Weber's philosophy, both government officials and corporate leaders adopted it as a method of governing. The approach, however, has a bad reputation, which is sometimes exacerbated by poorly implemented systems.