Concepts of Management and Leadership : Report

Added on - 21 Jul 2020

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Leadership and Management
Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION..........................................................................................................................3TASK 1............................................................................................................................................31.1 Concepts of management and leadership..............................................................................31.2 Assessing key management and leadership theories.............................................................41.3 Analysing the challenges of various management and leadership practices.........................4TASK 2...........................................................................................................................................52.1 Key motivational theories and their influence on organisational success.............................52.2 Assess the role of leadership and management in worker motivation..................................62.3 Evaluate the contribution of performance management techniques.....................................6TASK 3...........................................................................................................................................73.1 Understand the effectiveness and development of teams.....................................................73.2 Evaluate the roles and models of team leadership................................................................73.3 Analyse the role of teams within the organisation...............................................................8CONCLUSION................................................................................................................................8REFERENCES...............................................................................................................................9
INTRODUCTIONLeadership and management are two different approaches who work collectively in orderto attain organisational goals effectively. Leader is the one who influence their followers toachieve organisational goal collectively(Hallinger and Chen 2015). Manager is considered as themember of business enterprise who works in order to carry out five basic functions ofmanagement i.e. planning, organising, directing, controlling and staffing. The basic differencebetween them is that managers are the one who do things correct whereas leaders motivate othersto do right things. This report will cover the way in which leadership and management helps anindividual to improve their productivity and motivation. Also, this assignment covers variousleadership and motivational skills that will help to understand the effectiveness and developmentof teams.TASK 11.1 Concepts of management and leadershipLeaders are the one who motivate followers to do their jobs effectively and efficiently.Good leaders reduce fear and maximise hope of their followers. They train them to deal withfuture contingencies. They have an ability to build a vision that influences their followers towork passionately towards achieving organisational goals. According to (Thomson, 2013), it isabout how leaders develop path and support their co-workers so that they can constructivelyachieve their common task. Mangers are accountable for getting work done through theiremployees. They help personnel by putting them under the head of supervisor or by workingwith them. Managers are entitled to lead department, employees and various functions related tothe management. Managers have the responsibility to fortify strong performance among theirstaff members. Apart from that, they are also responsible for maintaining quality control, trainand guide employees, and monitortheirdaily operations.Leadership is part of management function which directs the workforce to perform their dutieseffectively. Both roles and responsibilities are connected with human interaction for whichdifferent traits and personalities are required(Nicol, 2012).They exist at almost everymanagement level, but their amount may vary on the basis of management hierarchy. Leadership
assists management to set new innovative direction and optimal use of resources in order toachieve the organisational goals effectively.1.2 Assessing key management and leadership theoriesLeadership refers to the process of guiding, influencing and motivating others behaviourand work towards the achievement of particular goal within a given situation. Following are thetheories of leadership:Trait Theory:This theory states that leaders are born naturally or made with definitequalities that make them efficient in their leadership roles. Such leaders possess differentattributes by born such as great sense of responsibility, intelligence, creativity,confidence, flexibility, integrity and innovation which makes them distinct from others.This theory also focuses on evaluating the social, mental and physical characteristics toachieve more understanding towards following characteristics that are similar amongleaders(ICrawford, 2012).Behavioural Theory:In this, leadership are categorized on the basis of their distinctbehaviour. This theory states that behaviour of leader is the forecaster of their leadershipskills which motivate follower to works effectively and hence, improve the overallproductivity. Basically, in this Leaders taught their personnel how to sustain and survivein any given condition.Transformational Leadership:Under this, leaders have to work with their co-workersso as to identify the need to change and build a vision that monitors the change throughcreativity and implement the modification among other committed members. Suchleaders serve to improve the morale, confidence and productivity of employee’sperformance through various mechanisms.1.3 Analysing the challenges of various management and leadership practicesDifferent issues faced by an organisation in their business operations are as follows:Inspiring Others:Leader’s main role is to guide and motivate their followers butsometimes, it came out as a challenge for them because they are not sure whether thepersonnel is satisfied with current working environment or not.Confronting an employee performance problem:It has become an obligation for themanager to deal with issues that employees are facing(Vaccaro and et. al., 2012). Managers are required to opt for better selection practices so that they would prevent
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