Legal and Professional Issues in Nursing

Added on - 28 May 2020

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Running head: LEGAL AND PROFESSIONAL ISSUES IN NURSINGLegal and professional issues in nursingName of the student:Name of the University:Author’s note
1LEGAL AND PROFESSIONAL ISSUES IN NURSINGTable of ContentsIntroduction:....................................................................................................................................1Background, definition and scope:..................................................................................................2Benefits and challenges:..................................................................................................................4Impact and implications:..................................................................................................................6Recommendations:..........................................................................................................................8Conclusion:......................................................................................................................................9Reference.......................................................................................................................................11
2LEGAL AND PROFESSIONAL ISSUES IN NURSINGIntroduction:Medication administration is an integral part of professional nursing practice, whereexecution of medical orders is done for the recovery and care of patient. The manner in whichnurses administer medication to patient is reflective of nursing performance as well as patientsafety. However, medication administration is a high risk activity because it involves complexmedication calculations and strict adherence to administration methods. Medication errors havebecome a major issue in nursing practice as nurses fail to adhere to proper guidelines. Besidesthis, high workload and several distractions and interruptions become a major factor contributingto medication error (Cloete, 2015).Medication error results in serious consequences for patientsuch as increase in health complications, long duration of hospital stay, increase in mortality rateand high medical expense. Research evidence has also showed that one-third of the medicinalcomplications occur due to medication Error (Cheragi et al., 2013). Hence, there is a need toexplore the reasons and impact of medication error on nursing practice. The main thesisstatement to proceed with the topic of medication error is ‘poor adherence to medicationadministration protocol among nurse is the reason for medication error’. The discussion paperanalyzes the topic on the basis of this thesis statement.Background, definition and scope:In relation to the thesis statement, some of the arguments that support the thesis statementcan be made after getting background information on the topic of medication error. Firstly, thereis a need to understand what is medication error and what are the different types of medicationerrors that commonly occurs in health care setting.Aronson, (2009)defines medication error as
3LEGAL AND PROFESSIONAL ISSUES IN NURSINGany preventable event or failure in the medication use that results in harm to patient. It may occurdue to several factors such wrong dosage calculation, inappropriate method of administeringmedication, prescription error and many other factors. Although medication error can be causedby any health care staffs, this paper mainly focuses on the medication error in nursing practicebecause nurses are the ones who are mostly involved in executing the medication order (Cheragiet al., 2013). Hence, exploring the reasons for medication error from the perspective of nurse isimportant.It is necessary to explore in depth about the topic of medication error because thisdiscussion will have great scope in improving nursing practice both in local province as well asin health care setting all over Canada. Reports related to adverse events in Canada has revealedthat apart from surgical error, medication error is the second most common cause of adverseevents in hospital setting (McIntyre & McDonald, 2013).In the year 2014-2015, about one inevery eighteen patient were admitted to hospital because of medication error or getting the wrongdrug. Very few events are officially recorded in patient’s chart due to fear of reprisal (Ubelacker,2018).However, whenever such events occur in clinical setting, nurses become the main focusof investigation as they are typically involved in administering medication to patients. Their lackof compliance to physician order and following the right to medication administration becomesthe main reason for medication error. Hence, identify the challenges for nurse in medicationadministration and recommending best practice to prevent error will have positive impact onperformance of health care setting across Canada.The adverse event related to medication error affects not only the performances of nurses,but it also has great impact on patient as well as the reputation of the health care organization.For instance,Agyemang & While, (2010) showed that medication error mostly affect nurses and
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