Literature Review of Forensic Medicine

Added on - 21 Apr 2020

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Literature Review of Forensic MedicineStudent Name:Student ID:Subject Name:Subject ID:Date Due:Professor Name:1|P a g e
1a Does the installation of smoke alarms reduce the fatality rate in house fires?Your answer should include discussion of and evidence of the major advantages, as well aswhether there any disadvantages or limitations, of installing smoke alarms.Global death rates associated with house fires have been calculated to be about 300,000 withchildren and elderly facing immense risks[ CITATION Jac102 \l 1033 ].Statistics from world overreflects that house fires contributed to a large number of fatalities and injuries that had absenceof smoke alarms. A smoke alarm is able to detect early signs of fire break out and then sign analarm causing awareness such that a family can vacate house and save themselves from potentialeffect of such fires. Increasing risks factors associated with such deaths is absence of smokealarm in an event of house fires. Statistics reveal that past several years there has been increase inhousehold installing smoke alarms, England and Wales alone depicts a sharp increase of rise insuch installations rising to 75% in 1995 from 0% in 1985. Therefore, statistics depicts a sharpfall in house fire fatalities with installation of smoke alarms along with other potential factorsthat could have contributed to the decline. M.F. Ballesteros (2007) states that smoke alarmsprovide people with escape time by letting out early warning signs of fire[ CITATION Bal076 \l 1033].U.S. fire department reveals that smoke alarms sounded in more than 53% home fires in theyear 2009 to 2013. Hence, smoke alarms are effective in determining house fires and savinglives. Statistics further reflects that three in five house fire deaths were associated with homesthat had no smoke alarms compared to house that had working smoke alarms.2|P a g e
Figure1: Smoke Alarms Performance in Home FiresSource:[ CITATION nfp17 \l 1033 ]L.J. Warda and M.F.Ballesteros (2008) provides that absence of smoke alarms increasedincidence of death by twice in homes that had smoke alarms in 100 reported home fires,compared to homes that had no smoke alarms[ CITATION War08 \l 1033 ]. In cases where smokealarms were present but did not operate had disconnected batteries or were missing. Amongstsmoke alarms installations, causes due to home fire deaths was primarily attributed to deadbatteries (24%) for causing failure in smoke alarms. Smokealarm constitute an easiest andeffective measure to reduce incidence from house fire deaths, that can protect onesfamily[ CITATION Cla12 \l 1033 ]. Smoke alarms needs tobe maintained along with theirinstallations. smoke alarms work by means of smoke detectors that checks surrounding air forpresence of smoke particles or gasses that can be caused by fires. Smoke alarms can bephotoelectric alarms or ionization alarms and needs to be installed near bathrooms or kitchens.Social factors associated with such fatalities reflects that houses that were on rent had fewerinstallations of smoke alarms than houses that were owned and had smoke alarms installed in3|P a g e
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