Management Information System - Assignment Solved

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Management Information System
Table of ContentsIntroduction......................................................................................................................................3Task 2...............................................................................................................................................3a. Evaluation of role as well as purpose of IT systems for carrying out organisationalfunctions......................................................................................................................................3c. Evaluation of management information system......................................................................7d. Evaluation of information system for supporting value added change...................................8e. Evaluation of strategic information system which will contribute within competitiveness offirms............................................................................................................................................9f. Explicate how SCANDO can attain competitive edge within global market for managementof information system...............................................................................................................10Conclusion.....................................................................................................................................11References......................................................................................................................................13
IntroductionMIS is defined as an information system that can be used for building up decisions,coordinating, controlling then and carrying out analysis through visualising data of theorganisation.The system software is being utilised for creation as well as management ofdatabases is referred to as database management system.This can be attained by utilisation ofDBMS which enables end users for creating, reading, update and deletion of data within thedatabase. It supports manipulation as well as storage of data and it is modelled within rows alongwith columns within series of tables for processing as well as querying data in an efficientmanner. SCANDO Ltd is taken into consideration which develops MIS for their clients. In thiscase, they have been approached bty TargetUK for development of MIS for them. This reportinvolves role & purpose of IT systems, ways in which data can be stored, MIS, value addedchange and ways in which strategic information system aids within contribution ofcompetitiveness of firm and ways in which competitive edge can be attained.Task 2a. Evaluation of role as well as purpose of IT systems for carrying out organisational functions.Information system refers to set of components which work in collaboration formanaging data processing along with storage. This involves key aspects associated with record-keeping, data analysis, communication, decision making and many others (Bryson, 2017). Forthis, firms makes use of information for improvising business operations by which decisions canbe formulated and they can gain competitive vantage through this. Basically, it involvessegregation of telecommunication, hardware and software. This can be understood by taking anexample like SCANDO can make use of of customer relationship systems for gaining enhancedunderstanding related with their audience, acquisition of new customers as well as retainingtheir existent clients.Role and purpose
There are different types of information system and each have different role as well aspurpose. Each is liable for taking input, processing them, attaining output and according to thatcontrolling them. They have been illustrated below:Office automation systems:This is a computer machinery as well as software that isbeing utilised for digital creation, collection, storage, manipulation and dependence onoffice information. Basically, it contains MS excel, MS Word, image & text processingsystems and many others (Chang, 2016). The role of OAS is to exchange information,manage administrative documents, managing of numerical data as well as planning ofmeetings and managing schedule for work. Purpose of OAS is to manipulate as well asstore data, manage this, carry out its exchange with higher accuracy so that overallresources as well as time associated with tasks can be minimised.Transaction processing systems:It is a computerised system that is responsible forperforming as well as recording day to day transactions that are crucial for carrying outthe operations of firm. This data can be attained via semi-automated or automatedtracking of activities as well as monitoring transactions (Harrison and Lock, 2017). Roleof TPS involves perform quickly through which performance can be amplified, providereliability to have low failure rate, treat each transaction identically and have controlledprocessing through which specified roles & responsibilities of each employee can beaccomplished. Its purpose is to maintain record related with organisational state, carry outthe transaction and provide reports related with that.Management information system:This is a management level system that can beutilised by middle management for ensuring smooth execution of organisation forspecified duration (Hitomi, 2017). It provides highly structured data which assistmanagers of SCANDO within evaluation of performance of firm by comparing attainedas well as previous outputs. Role of MIS is to plan, control as well as formulate decisionsfrom perspectives of management. Its purpose is to sort, merge as well as summarise theentire reports and manage the supply chain thereby provides the core competencies.Decision support system:This denotes a computer application that is responsible foranalysing business data as well as present it the users so that decisions can be carried outeasily. It involves database, model base as well as dialogue module. Its role is goaloriented, it provides answer to “what if” means a situational answers can be attained, risk
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