Management And Operations Assignment Solution (pdf)

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Management & operations
Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................................3LO1..............................................................................................................................................................3P1 Defining and comparing the different roles and characteristics of a leader and a manager..............3P2 Application of role of leader and manager in different situational contexts.....................................5LO 2..............................................................................................................................................................7P3 Theories and models of leadership applied on various business situation........................................7LO 3..............................................................................................................................................................9P4 key approaches to operation management and the role of the leaders and managers play..............9LO 4............................................................................................................................................................12P5 importance of operation management in achieving business objective...........................................12P6 factors affecting operation management and the decision making of leaders and managers.........13CONCLUSION.............................................................................................................................................15REFERENCES..............................................................................................................................................17
INTRODUCTIONManagement and operation is the most essential department within the organization thatcontrols the company day to day activities and try to accomplish the company objectives in mostproductive way. In the company environment managers and leaders plays a most crucial role andsupport to make all the task accomplish. Present report has been based on Management &operation. In order to conduct the study, report has been taking Unilever CompanyLO1P1 Defining and comparing the different roles and characteristics of a leader and a managerLeader and manager have a great role to play within the organization. In that sense,leader is the person within the organization who support their team members and give them fullsatisfaction results (Braun and et.al., 2017).In the contrast, manager is the person who manageand adhere all the company code of conduct in order to maintained the proper systematicbusiness environment.Braun, S. and et.al., 2017. Think manager—think male, think follower—think female: Genderbias in implicit followership theories.Journal of Applied Social Psychology.47(7).pp.377-388.What Leaders DoThe primarily difference between leaders and managers are leaders are not holds or resistthe management position. Leader can be anyone within the organization, it only requiresleadership skills and power to motivate others towards the corrective path. Leaders invest theirpersonal strength to make the things happened rather than for a purpose.What Managers DoManager is designation within the company who responsible to manager things into moreappropriate manner. Manager is also responsible to manage the work accordingly in order to getthe best outcomes. Unfortunately, not all managers are leaders (Denysiuk, Opryshko andStrzelecki, 2016).Denysiuk, S., Opryshko, V. and Strzelecki, R., 2016. The Smart Grid concept implementation byexpanding the use of demand side managment and modern power electronic installations.Different roles and characteristics of a leader and a managerLeaders create a vision, managers create goalsIn terms of creation vision so leader always create picture which full of inspiration theirpeople or employees. They encourage people to be the part of the function or goals. Leadersknow their people strength and weaknesses to accomplish the work. In the contrast, Managersare always focusing on the setting, measuring and achieving goals. They control situations toreach or exceed their objectives.Leaders are change agents; managers maintain the status quo.
Leaders are proud disruptions' innovation and creativity is the main function of thecompany in order to meet out the company aims and objectives (Fichtner and et.al., 2016).Leaders are always found out the best to accomplish the company task. In the contrast, managersare always stuck with the same format of work which been followed by long time.Fichtner, T. and et.al., 2016, April. Influence of experimental set-up on the infiltrationcharacteristics during managed aquifer recharge operation. InEGU General AssemblyConference Abstracts(Vol. 18).Leaders are unique, managers copyManagers are willing to be themselves. They are self-aware and work actively to buildtheir unique and differentiated personal brand. On the same side, managers should need tofollowed the company set policies and code of conduct in repeat manner.Leader take risks, manager control riskLeaders are willingly to do something new in different form to get some newterminologies to perform the specific work. They know that failure is the step towards thesuccess. In the contrast, managers are the person who is less interested to take new ways to getthings. They believe on the set structure without considering the innovation.Difference between managers and leaders by applying the theory and conceptSituational theory: Situational theory work on the assumption that the most effectivestyle of leadership changes from situation to situation (Gilley and et.al., 2015). To be effectiveand successful a leader must be able to adapt his style and approach to diverse to diversecircumstances. Different theories have been developed that recognize the situational aspects ofleadership.Gilley and et.al., 2015. Manager behavior, generation, and influence on work-life balance: Anempirical investigation.Journal of Applied Management and Entrepreneurship20(1).p.3.Contingency Theory of leadership:Contingency is the leadership approach that helpsto maintained the situation. The leader must find out what kind of leadership style and situationcan share the effective leadership style. The contingency is the most effective leadership it is themost leading control the effective leadership goals and also it helps to make the new make thenew effective learning.Four functions of management that constitute the organization procedure includes-Planning:Planning is the foremost function of the management that explains whatactually required to do to accomplish the aims and objectives. Such as Unilever planning to doexpand its business function to grab the attention of wide range of customers (Kim and et.al.,2017). Manager is the responsible person to manage or arrange the planning for the otherdepartments.
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