Managing Care of the Adult Patient Assignment

Added on - 21 Jul 2020

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Managing Care ofthe Adult Patient
Table of ContentsTASK 1............................................................................................................................................11) What is the structure and function of the following:..............................................................12) Structures in the nose help to moisten, filter and warm the air.............................................13) Three divisions of the pharynx..............................................................................................24) Function of the epiglottis.......................................................................................................2TASK 2............................................................................................................................................21) Structure and function of the following:.................................................................................22) Pulmonary aspiration more likely to occur in right bronchus than in left bronchus..............33) Prevents alveoli from collapsing among inhalations.............................................................3TASK 3............................................................................................................................................31) Process of Breathing...............................................................................................................32) Respiration..............................................................................................................................33) Muscular action cause inhalation to occur..............................................................................34) Intercostal muscle and Diaphragm during exhalation............................................................45) Chemoreceptors in aorta influence respiration and carotid arteries.......................................46) Respirations are controlled by involuntary muscle movement..............................................4TASK 4............................................................................................................................................41) Process of gas exchange.........................................................................................................4TASK 5............................................................................................................................................41) Assessment and its significance of the following:.................................................................4TASK 6............................................................................................................................................61) Symptoms of acute bronchitis................................................................................................62) Management of Acute bronchitis............................................................................................63) Prevent complications from occurring with acute bronchitis................................................6Task 7...............................................................................................................................................6Task 8...............................................................................................................................................7Task 9...............................................................................................................................................8Task 10...........................................................................................................................................10.........................................................................................................................................................1
TASK 11) What is the structure and function of the following:Nasal Cavity: Structure has three divisions:Vestibule: Area posterior to the nostrils,and have multiple layers of same cells that make ourskin.Respiratory region: Begins at the end of vestibular area,and includes the entire nasal cavity.Olfactory region: Top part of nasal cavity,lined with olfactory cells and olfactory mucosa.Functions: It has two primary purpose in process of breathing:Role as a passage for inhaled Air: Air enters through the nostrils and passes through thenasal cavity into the Pharynx and Larynx.Role of mucus membrane in purifying the Air: Purifying the inhaled air by trapping dust ,bacteria, small particles.Pharynx Structure: The structure is not universe the same in all species but in humanbeings the pharynx is part of digestive system and respiratory system.Function: Works as a connecting tube between nasal cavity and larynx and also the oral cavityand esophagus (Barr and et. al., 2013). It is also an integral part of respiratory and digestivesystem.Also have functions in such parts: Respiratory system, Digestive system, Speech organsLarynxStructure:Cartilages: Posterior view of the larynx is cartialges and intrinsic muscles. There are ninecartilages in which three are unpaired and three are paired which supports the mammalian larynxunpaired cartilagessTracheaIt is a windpipe and also a hollow tube which is related to the larynx to bronchi of lungs.This is an internal part of human's body and its main function is to giving an air flow and alsolungs for the respiration.2) Structures in the nose help to moisten, filter and warm the airFor the warm the air, moisten and the filter, nasal cavity organ is helpful and its structureare:1
It is lined with capillaries.It is lined with the cilia. It filter out the debris inside an air.3) Three divisions of the pharynxThe threes divisions of the pharynx are Nasopharynx, Oropharynx and theLaryngopharynx. These three are discussed below as above:Nasopharynx- It is a throat's upper part and it is behind a nose. It is a main part of thepharynx. Its is 2 to 3 cm wide and its length is 3 to 4 cm.Oropharynx- Its main function is Swallowing and voluntary is the first phrase ofOropharynx. In this, tongue propulsion a food bolus posteriorly in the oropharynx.Laryngopharynx- Air and food both are passes through this function. It is found amongthe esophagus and also the hybrid bone.4) Function of the epiglottisThe shape of Epiglottis is leaf and it is situated behind a tongue and also at the voice boxand the tongue. Its major function is to seal off a windpipe at the time of eating the food so fromthis accidentally the food is not inhaled (Haugen and et. al., 2016). It is very necessary for thedigestion and it helps in preventing the liquid items and food from going to trachea.TASK 21) Structure and function of the following:Bronchi- It is known as the bronchus. It is the extension wind pipe that helps in shufflethe air from lungs. It is pass away from the lungs. It is close to the lungs tissue and after this it isregarded as the bronchioles. Its major function is to site of carbon dioxide and also the oxygen inexchange of respiratory system.Bronchioles- It passes by the mouth or the nose to alveoli of lungs under which thebranches do not include the glands in submucosa.Alveoli- These are the small sacs in the lungs that helps the carbon dioxide and also theoxygen for moving among blood stream and the lungs. In this, an exchange of the both the gasescarbon dioxide and oxygen is takes place.Lung- It is a pair of the air- filled and the spongy which is situated in the chest. In itsstructure consists an air- tubes and bronchial tree branching off from bronchi in the tiny air tubes.2
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