Managing Repeat DUI Offenders - Report

Added on - 28 May 2020

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Running head: MANAGING REPEAT DUI OFFENDERSManaging Repeat DUI OffendersName of the StudentName of the UniversityAuthor Note
1MANAGING REPEAT DUI OFFENDERSExamine the model utilized to address repeat DUI offenders in GEORGIA.Following the model in relation to the drug court, the three Georgia Driving-Under-the-Influence courts had been established for addressing the underlying problem of alcohol withrespect to repeat DUI offenders through frequent and judicially supervised treatments, drug andalcohol testing, use of graduated sanctions as along with other forms of rehabilitative services. Ateam consisting of a court personnel, judge, probation officer and treatment providers regularlymeet to assess the progress of the offenders and for the purpose of reporting their progress meetbi-weekly with the judge (Aslam et al., 2015).The drug courts consists the coordination of probation, judiciary, probation, defensivebar, social services, mental health, the treatment community and the law enforcement for thepurpose of indulging with common offenders and breaking the sequence of case management,substance abuse treatment, probation supervision, consistent monitoring and drug testing. Basedon six drug courts in the state of New York it has been provided that the court reduced offenderrecidivism by 29 percent over a three year post arrest period as compared to those offenders whoreceived standard treatment.Based on the high degree of effectiveness provided by the drug court model, Driving-While-Intoxicated (DWI) Courts or Driving-Under-the-Influence (DUI) have been designed toprovide continuous supervision of the offenders by judges along with other officials of the courtwho closely monitor and administer compliance with court order sanctions along with treatment.DWI/DUI courts involve in general frequent interactions of the offenders with the judges,intensive supervision of probation officers, random alcohol and other drug testing, intensive
2MANAGING REPEAT DUI OFFENDERStreatment, lifestyle changes, community service, positive reinforcement for successfullyperforming the program and jail sentences in relation to non compliance.The Georgia Governor’s Office of Highway Safety, in the year 2003 provided a federalgrant in relation to funding from national Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) toGeorgia Administrative Office of the Courts (GAOC) for the purpose of establish three DUIcourts for managing and treating cases of those offenders who have been convicted of drivingunder influence of alcohol on several instances. Each of the DUI court which have beenestablished under the grant include a judge, a case management clerk and a DUI courtcoordinator. In addition a DUI Court program manager has the duty of coordinating grantactivities for GOAC in Atlanta. All the three DUI Courts operate in an independent mannerfollowing a uniform process which is coordinated by GAOC.Fell, Tippetts and Langston (2011) initiated an impact or outcome evaluation through theuse of matched comparison design when longitudinal data was made available as enough courtparticipants graduated for the purpose of determining the effectiveness if DUI courts inaddressing recidivism. The fundamental design for evaluating the impact was to gather andcollect on three groups. These groups included a group of DUI court offenders, a retrospectivegroup of similar offenders who had been sanctioned in the country before the court had beenestablished and a group of offenders who were arrested in those countries which do not haveDUI courts. The study through the use of Cox Regression models found that there was asignificant 38.2% improvement in reducing recidivism in relation to the DUI court program ascompared to the other groups. Thus the DUI courts in Georgia work as expected and were foundto reduce recidivism in relation to the repeat DUI offenders compared to other traditionalprograms.
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