Effects of Marijuana on Brain Development


Added on  2019-09-24

5 Pages683 Words237 ViewsType: 237
Marijuana and its effectsNameDate1
Effects of Marijuana on Brain Development_1

Effects of MarijuanaMarijuana contains various phyto-cannabinoids which induce extreme damage to the CNS and its cell. The phytocannabinoid are seen to impact the neonatal and immature CNS to more extent as compared to a normal adult brain. On a prolonged exposure to the phytocannabinoid of duringthe neonatal period, cognitive impairments can be exposed the offspring. Especially, during the pubertal period, the phytocannabinoids can have their utmost damaging effects along with the cognitive deficits. Further, the use of marijuana can lead to a greater risk of schizophrenia. Further, when undertaken during the pregnancy period, the marijuana interferes with the endocannabinoid induced neuronal wiring and leads to the overstimulation of the endogenous cannabinoid receptors especially at the important stages of the neural development. Therefore, the brain structure in the initial years of the postal natal life is seen to be affected severely. This leads to damaged nervous system functioning. Marijuana can easily be transferred from the mother to their offspring during gestation or milk lactation and can lead to immaturity of the blood brain barrier at the young age. With the early-onset use of marijuana, the brain composition can be damaged severely. Various researches have reported the structural abnormalities in corpus callosum and reduced hippocampal and amygdala volumes. The excessive use of the phytocannabinoid also leads to death. (Psychoyos, D. and Vinod, K.Y., 2013)2
Effects of Marijuana on Brain Development_2

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