Medicalisation of Childbirth in UK | Report

Added on - 18 Sep 2019

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Medicalisation of Childbirth1
Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................2MAIN BODY..................................................................................................................................2CONCLUSION................................................................................................................................6REFERENCES................................................................................................................................72
INTRODUCTIONOver the past era, childbirth process has been influenced by the medical technology aswith the different medical interventions it has resulted in effective medicalisation of thechildbirth. In the past, childbirth was mainly done by the female in domestic arena as hospitalbirth was not so common (Wong and et.al., 2017). Thus, the present report focuses on assessingthe process of childbirth in the UK region as with the changing medical technology as well asinterventions has resulted in changing the overall process of the childbirth.MAIN BODYCritical awareness of how biopsychosocial factors are integrated into our understanding ofhealth and illness throughout the life courseVarious biopsychosocial factors are integrated within the life courses as it assists inunderstanding their health and illness. It mainly focuses on the interaction of different factorssuch as biological factors (genetic), psychological factors (that include mood, personality as wellas individual behaviour) and the last is the social factor (medical, cultural, familial etc.). Allthese biopsychosocial factors assist in understanding health and illness through the life coursesthat is during gestation, childhood, adolescence, young adulthood as well as midlife. In theearlier life course that is during gestation, childhood and adolescence individual mainly focuseson biological factors to have the understanding regarding the illness (Christiaens, Nieuwenhuijzeand De Vries, 2013). In addition to this, with the growth young adulthood as well as adultsfocuses on integrating or assessing psychological factors as the mood swings as well asbehaviour would assist in understanding the health and illness so that they may engage in propermedicalisation to overcome the illness. At the stage of midlife and old age, social factors need tobe assessed as it engages in grabbing health-enhancing opportunities that lead to modifying theimpact of illness. Therefore, the above was a biopsychosocial factor that is integrated intounderstanding the health and illness throughout the life courses.Medicalisation of childbirthChildbirth is a natural and physiological process that is both unpredictable and potentiallyrisky. Before medicalisation of childbirth was women business that is only women were allowedto assist the childbirths as well as experience the delivery of the child (Scamell, Altaweli andMcCourt, 2017). The past practices of childbirth have resulted in various issues related tounhygienic practices as well as the prevalence of infections. In the past women were not aware3