Mental Health Nursing Assignment
Added on - 29 Apr 2020
1MENTAL HEALTHMental HealthName of the StudentName of the UniversityAuthor Note
2MENTAL HEALTHIntroductionIt has been observed from the literature review that theorists have shied away fromresearch into creativity. Despite many blocks to study there are various models of creativity doexist. Creativity occurs in the care sector, but there are many challenges when many diversesettings are included. There are potential benefits of creativity to both carer and service user. Theaim of the assignment is as a student of creative skills is to critically compare models,contributory theories, and different application settings of creativity. Further the assignmentdiscusses the problems of definition in creativity and the potential benefits of creativity atphysical, intellectual, emotional and social levels.Critical comparison of models, contributory theories and different application settings ofcreativityIn mental health services the care users poses many challenges. In such circumstances,incubation is the best way to take a break from the creative problem solving. As per the Wallas’model, a period of incubation is necessary. It helps in creative problem solving. It helps the careproviders to forget the misleading clues of the care user. On the other hand lack of incubation orrest period may lead to fixing on the inappropriate strategies for solving the problem (Ritter andDijksterhuis 2014). This model contradicts the earlier hypothesis put forward by theCsikszentmihalyi's five phase model of the creative process. As per this model the creativesolution to the problem arises when unconscious mind takes over the conscious mind without thelater trying to make logical order out of the problem. As the conscious mind is occupied in sometasks, the unconscious mind can mysteriously allow the unique connections to be made(Csikszentmihalyi 2014).
3MENTAL HEALTHAs per the Geneplore model, creativity takes place in two phases. In the generative phasethe individual constructs preinventive structures which are the mental representations. The otherphase called the exploratory phase; these structures are used to generate creative ideas (Runco2014). It aligns with the view ofPétervári et al. (2016) which emphasise that people develop newideas by using their imagination. These ideas are structured in the predictable ways with the helpof the pre-existing concepts and categories. However, it is contradictory with the view ofGlăveanu and Tanggaard (2014), which emphasise that creativity yields extraordinary resultsusing the ordinary cognitive processes.The theory of convergent and divergent thinking is also applicable for the care users andthe care givers. When the practioner is solving the care users’ problems, he/she may aim for thesingle correct solution. This pattern is called convergent thinking. In the psychology literaturethe synonym of creativity is also called divergent thinking. In this pattern of thinking a problemcan be solved in multiple ways and is referred as fluid intelligence that may be similar tocreativity (Bekker 2016). This theory may be partly similar to the creative cognition approachexplained by the Geneplore model as it is based on imagination. It may be similar becausedivergent thinking also partly involves imagination (Au et al. 2015). However it differs from theHoning theory of creativity. As per the Honing theory by psychologistLiane Gabora, is theprocess of honing and re-honing the integrated worldview (Gabora 2016). The world viewbrings about the internal cognitive restructuring. An individual may have a worldview that maybe uniquely structured and may be reflected in the personal style. This theory differs from all theabove theories or models. In the above theories the focus is mainly on the generation of theoutcome or the solution to problem in the practice setting. On the contrary the, honing theorylays greater emphasis on effect of the creative process on the creator’s worldview (Runco 2014).