Method Of Policy Analysis

Added on - 16 Jan 2020

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PolicyAnalysis
TABLE OF CONTENTSINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................3a) Background and Rationale.......................................................................................................3b) Outline.....................................................................................................................................3CRITERIA FOR ANALYZING POLICY......................................................................................3Stake holders and different groups:.............................................................................................3Lowest for accessibility:..............................................................................................................4Resources:...................................................................................................................................4Monitoring and evaluation:.........................................................................................................4POLICY DOCUMENT ANALYSIS...............................................................................................5EVALUATION OF HEALTH PROMOTION CAPACITY...........................................................7CONCLUSION................................................................................................................................8REFERENCES................................................................................................................................92
INTRODUCTIONa) Background and RationalePolicy analysis is a method which is used to evaluate and examine the different optionsavailable in public administration, which can be used in implementing the targets set by thegovernment. The analysis of policies can be done in two ways. One is the analysis of the policy,which is already existing (Purcell, O'Rourke and Rivis, 2015). The analysis will be analytical anddescriptive. The second one is the analysis of new policies, which can be different andperspective. The main purpose and area of interest of these analysis is to identify any faultspresent in the current policies and to promote the health awareness. The public should be awareof the government policies for different health diseases.The rationale behind policy analysis is to perform a redundancy check over differentparameters so that accuracy and correctness of the concerned policy can be evaluated. TheNational Tobacco Policy is being analysed in this report for gaining an insight regardingwhereabouts of the concerned policy.b) OutlineThe “National Tobacco policy's” main aim is to reduce the harm, which is related totobacco. The object of this policy is to increase the health condition of all the people by reducingthe consumption of smoking and tobacco. Other than this, the policies have some moreobjectives like; reduce the affordability of tobacco products, encourage the smokers to quit,decrease or eliminate the advertising or sponsorship of tobacco products. It also aims yo reducethe smoke free workplace, the supply of tobacco products and many other non healthy tobaccoproducts.CRITERIA FOR ANALYZING POLICYA policy is developed for meeting respective goals and objectives due to which theconcerned policy was designed. Respective resources can be utilised only when clear idearegarding corrective actions and issues is acquired. The criteria for analysing policy are depictedas follows:Economic criteria: The impact of a policy directly or indirectly on the economicconditions of the country and the respective stakeholders has to be evaluated. This helps3
in gaining an idea regarding relevancy of the policy over the aimed subject. Theintangible costs, fixed costs or direct impact over net worth are some of the componentsof economic criteria when considering policy analysis.Equity criteria: When organisations are concerned then equity criteria is considered to bemost significant. It helps in analysing and understanding the social advantages anddisadvantages which are associated with the policy. This kind of evaluation helps inassessing the long term and short term effects which come up after policy application.Technical criteria: There are some issues and problems faced by groups andorganisations. The analysis of policy with technical criteria helps in evaluating thefeasibility, reliability and validity of policy.Political criteria: The extent of acceptability of a policy amongst all the stakeholders andaffecting groups is understood through political criteria. It also demonstrates the viabilityof respective policy with its responsiveness and appropriateness in political terms.Administrative criteria: Public policies are examined and analysed using theadministrative criteria. The ability of the organisation to implement and adhere with thepolicy that is being prepared is understood. Furthermore, the availability of resourcesaccording to requirement of policy are also analysed through this criteria.According to the criterions depicted above, following elements are considered for makingthe policy analysis more critical. Following questions have been developed based on thesecriteria to facilitate the entire process of policy analysis.Economic criteria:What is the economic impact of National Tobacco Policy on Australia?Is the policy incurring more cost for the government in terms of maintenance?Does the policy bear any sort of extra expenses for stakeholders?Equity criteria:Is the ideology behind policy acceptable to stakeholders?Can societal values and beliefs be hampered through this policy?What are the major advantages and disadvantages experienced by both stakeholders andextended groups after implementing the policy?Technical criteria:4
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