Assignment on Nicaraguan Canal Conservation Policy

Added on - 21 Apr 2020

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NICARAGUA CANAL CONSERVATION POLICY1IntroductionThe Nicaraguan canal is a canal through Nicaragua, a planned shipping route, thatconnects the Pacific and the Atlantic oceans, making the travel time of the ships drasticallyreduced. Despite its objectives to help in the global shipping industry, shipping experts andengineers have questioned the viability of the project. The project has been hamperedsignificantly due to the decline in the wealth of HKND Group, who were heading andsupervising the project (Meyeret al.288).The environmental effects of the canal have brought about significant debates around theglobe and environmentalists have opined that the advantages of this project would only beknown or weighed if the adverse effects of the canal can be compared against the destruction ofthe Nicaraguan wildlife and forests. The government of Costa Rica has asked the same ofNicaragua to give details about the expected environmental adversities that may be caused by thephysical development of the canal, but they have failed to do so. Lake Nicaragua would bedevastated, and so would be hundreds of thousands of hectares of rainforests (Huete-Perezet al.355). Biospheres would be damaged and many endangered species are feared to be extinct.Preservation policiesAmidst all of these issues, there are still few policies that try to extract and elaborate onthe benefits of the canal and also conserve the natural environment, flora and fauna of the region.
NICARAGUA CANAL CONSERVATION POLICY2The vast environmental adversities could only be justified by massive economic growth andmaking sure that the displaced people are rightly relocated and are given compensations to matchthe trauma they will experience (Condit 19). A few conservation policies are being adopted toensure the environmental issues are efficiently handled and the surrounding ecology can bepreserved.Policy one:The Nicaraguan government has promised to restrict access to the canal and flankthe entire length of the corridor of the canal by flanking it, so that the environment is leastaffected by human contact, and this would be guaranteeing to preserve the bid-diversity and therainforests as much as possible, despite the obvious human actions in the region.This policy has been used previously by the United States military and the US CanalCommission, which sought to protect the environment and the ecology of Panama, when thecanal was being constructed in the previous century, and started being used from 1914. Thediverse rainforest of the region was fully protected by this method, and the Nicaraguangovernment seeks to follow this in the exact same manner to ensure their own country’s richecology is preserved (Dowdall 43).The biggest advantage of this is obviously the prospect of being able to preserve theenvironment, ecology, rich bio-diversity, dense and lush rainforests of Nicaragua, whilepromoting the economic development of the country at the same time. The country is the second
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