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NRSG257 Child, Adolescent and Family Nursing Report

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Australian Catholic University


NRSG257 Child, Adolescent and Family Nursing (NRSG257)


Added on  2020-02-24

NRSG257 Child, Adolescent and Family Nursing Report


Australian Catholic University


NRSG257 Child, Adolescent and Family Nursing (NRSG257)

   Added on 2020-02-24

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Running head: NURSING ETHICSNursing Ethics – Case StudyName of the StudentName of the UniversityAuthor Note
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1NURSING ETHICSThe case study here is focused over a patient named Sam who is suffering from acuteabdominal pain with previous medical history of drug-related psychosis. Self-harming,abusive and agitated behaviour of Sam has generated a threat towards the other fellowpatients and healthcare professionals and these have compelled the medical team of the innercity hospital to put him under restrain. However, Camilla, the attending nurse of the Sam isagainst this procedure of restrain. She is of the opinion that restrain will exacerbate Sam’sagitation and will increase the tendency of self-harm. The following essay sheds light on theethical issues and nursing conflict pertaining to this case. The essay also highlightsprofessional code of nursing conduct and human dignity rights in relation to this particularcase.Identification of ethical issues in Nursing CareUnder Utilitarian approach or consequentialist approach, decision is taken based onthe calculation of greatest amount of benefits over significantly larger group of individuals.Here the outcome has strong connection with the morality of the associated intervention. Thisapproach could be harmful towards selected individual but the net outcome is of maximumbenefit for the mass (Hsieh &Kramer, 2012). Under ethical domain of Deontology, the morality of the action undertaken is solelyinclined upon the nature of the action. This means that the possible harm is acceptableirrespective of the associated consequences. This concept was first introduced by ImmanuelKant, a philosopher and hence it is also popularly known as Kantian deontology (Gray&Schein, 2012). As per Libertarianism, a collection of political philosophies and movementspromotes liberty in the domain of the nursing approach. The libertarians, who believe in theconcept of libertarianism, promote political liberty and autonomy for all. They also vouch for
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2NURSING ETHICSfreedom of choice, speech and individual judgment. It also gives importance to voluntaryassociation and self-ownership. According to Rawls’s Principles of Justice, each and everyperson deserves equal rights to the extensive system of basic liberties prevalent in the society.The liberty is mostly restricted in two cases. One is a less extensive liberty known as possibleliberty that strengthens the total liberty system for everyone. The second one is less thanequal liberty and this is accepted for those who are affected (Woods, 2011). According to the Natural Law, morality and law have deep interconnection with eachother. Morality here is the parameter that is used for judging what is right or wrong orcomparison between good or bad. The natural law theorists state that the laws of the humanbeings are guided by the morality and not by the authority as defined by the government. Theterm “natural law” is derived from the basic thought of morality based on the concept thathuman comes from the Mother Nature. The sole purpose of human is to lead a healthy andhappy life such that the actions which are against those two purposes are considered to beunnatural or immoral (d'Entreves, 2017).According to the Theory of Virtue, individual’s character is of prime importance inethics as it is one of the critical element upon which the overall ethical thinking is based. Thiselement of Theory of Virtue stays ahead of the deontology and consequentialism. The threemain virtues of ethics are eudaimonism (classical formulation of Virtue Ethics), ethics of careand agent based theories (Smith, 2011). The concept of Egalitarianism is popularlyknown asequalitarianism. This school ofethics prioritizes the equality among all the people residing in the society. It also abides bythe concept that all human beings are equal as per the social parameters and fundamentalworth. Egalitarian theory in nursing approach emphasizes equal access to certain goods but
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