Occupational Health And Safety Assignment

Added on -2020-02-18

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Running head: OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETYOccupational health and SafetyName of the studentUniversity nameAuthors’ note
1OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETYTable of ContentsIntroduction......................................................................................................................................2Surfboard manufacture:...................................................................................................................2Reducing the risk from exposure to hazardous substances.............................................................2Control hierarchy.............................................................................................................................3Regulations and codes of practise managing work environment and facilities...............................4Aircraft noise:..................................................................................................................................4Assessment of risk from aircraft noise............................................................................................4Determination of risk rating with and without control measures (refer to risk assessmenttemplate)..........................................................................................................................................5Conclusion.......................................................................................................................................8References........................................................................................................................................9
2OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETYIntroduction The current assignment focuses on the concept of occupational health and safety. Thesafety concerns of the employees working within an organization are pivotal to maintaining theorganizational culture. In this context, the risks could be divided into a number of types such aschemical, biological, psychological and environmental hazards.The current study focuses on assessment and risk management through implementationof effective regulations and codes or practise. The assignment takes into consideration twodifferent scenarios such as hazard due to exposure to different chemical substances and impact ofnoise pollution on the health of the workforce.Surfboard manufacture:Reducing the risk from exposure to hazardous substances A number of preventive measures need to be employed for ensuring the health and safetyconcerns of the employees working within an organization. As commented by Rothmore andBoucaut (2015), healthy employees help in enhancing the productivity of the organization. Forthe present assignment, the hazards associated with employee health management within asurfboard factory had been taken into consideration. The manufacturing of the surfboard exposesthe workers to a wide range of hazardous chemicals such as fibreglass, resins, solvents andpaints. Though, the manufacturing unit had provided the workers with additional preventivemeasures such as plastic goggles and face masks the staff was still sceptical. The same could beattributed to the absence of sufficient number of trained staffs within the factory outlet.
3OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY There are two main types of polyurethane foam used for the manufacturing of thesurfboards such as Toluene Diisocyanate (TDI) and Diphenylmethane Diisocyanate (MDI). Inthis context, TDI is used more frequently compared to MDI due to its flexibility options. The useof TDI can result in a number of health risks to an individual such as asthma and otherrespiratory distresses owing to hypersensitivity (Gibson and Warren, 2017). As commented byCarvalho and Melo (2015), exposure to the strong smell of TDI beyond the threshold level canresult in the irritation of the eyes and the nose. Reports and evidences have also pointed out atthe direct link of TDI with inducing malignancy within an individual.Control hierarchy In order to prevent or reduce the health risks due to exposure to a number of hazardouschemicals in a surfboard manufacturing factory a number of steps could be taken which could beenumerated with the help of a control hierarchy. Some of the basic steps of the hierarchy are-implementation of suitable measures, introduction of technical measures to reduce the exposureto harmful chemicals, implementation of effective organizational policies and framework anduse of protective equipments.The suitable measures include substitution of the hazardous materials with a less harmfulone. In this context, the TDI could be could be substituted with MDI which have been found topossess comparatively lesser health risks. As commented by MacIntyre et al.(2014),empanelment of technical measures including regular checking and monitoring of machineries tobe physically handled can reduce the rate of accidents. In this respect, some of the organizationalpolicies and frameworks which could be implemented over here are Workplace Health andSafety Regulations, 2011. The implementation of such guidelines helps in maintaining the

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