Occupational Health and Well Being | Study

Added on - 28 May 2020

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Running head:OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND WELL-BEINGOccupational Health and Well-beingName of the StudentName of the UniversityAuthor Note
1OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND WELL-BEINGAccording to The American Occupational therapy Association (AOTA), occupationaltherapy is the only professional that enables people across the life span to perform things thatthey want to do via the therapeutic application of day-today activities (occupations). The dutyof occupational therapists is to help people across different age group to enjoy their life tofullest via assisting them to promote health while preventing injury, disability and illness.The following essay attempts to highlight the links between occupation, health and wellbeing. Upon establishment of the link, the essay will try to elucidate that how a person’sengagement in occupation can change over time. Finally at the end, the end will discuss theenvironmental effects on occupation participation and how an occupational therapist can helpto increase an individual or community level of participation.There is a strong relationship between occupation, health and well being and theoccupation therapy is based on this belief (Bass-Haugen, Baum and Christiansen 2015).Some occupational therapists are of the opinion that the termoccupation, activity andpurposeful activityrepresents identical concept (Durocher, Gibson and Rappolt 2014). Whileothers have opined that those three terms highlight three different concepts however, theyclaimed that the termactivityrepresents a narrower meaning to that of occupation (Wagman,Håkansson and Björklund 2012). According to the AOTA (2004) and Leclair (2010),Occupation is defined as a set of activities that the people perform in their daily life that holdstheir attention and have meaning as well as purpose and whose parameter are shaped by thecultural and environmental context. Physical, temporal, social and cultural contexts influencehuman feelings and thoughts and thereby influencing their choice of occupation. The mainaim of a prospective occupational therapist is to provide support for recovery along withhealth and well being (Aiken et al. 2011). Here the health and well being is conceptualised bythe occupational therapist as an objectively measurable state (for example: absence ofdisease, survival, absence of disability growth-development); as a subjective experience (a
2OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND WELL-BEINGsense of wellness and well being along with absence of illness); or as a combination of both(participation and adaption) (Creek and Hughes 2008).According to the occupational therapists there lies a significant relationship betweenthe occupation, health and well being and different authors have defined this link with adifferent approach however, keeping the core value same (Creek and Hughes 2008).However, the main links between occupation and health are expenditure of energy, propersocial support and interaction, complexity & challenges and perceived competence &achievement. These links between occupation and health are mediated by nature of activity oroccupation, social factors and other balance between activities related to occupation Creekand Hughes 2008). The established links between occupation, health and well being highlightcertain health benefits of occupation like disease prevention, survival, managing chronicillness and improved level of self-concept and self-satisfaction (Creek and Hughes 2008).The main philosophy of the occupational therapy is to bring changes in the healthcaresystem (Christiansen 2014) along with modification in the occupational identity.Occupational identity helps enable a person to generate a sense of ability to perform certainacts and how a person defines his or roles and perception. This perception helps in thedevelopment of accumulative experiences, generating a sense of personal identification andfuture prospects. The practitioners of the occupational therapists focus their concerns over thelong-term goals of the occupational identity and health requirement of people and therebyhelping them to develop healthy practice. Such healthy behaviour will not only help inimproving their health but also will help to reduce the expenditure of the health care which isassociated with health dysfunction (Christiansen 2014). Occupational therapy practitionersmust also take efforts within the community integrate a wide range of services that facilitatessafeguard and uplift he health status of the public. The philosophy of the occupational
3OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND WELL-BEINGtherapy also promotes the reframing of the sociomedical context via taking active role indeveloping healthy communities (Christiansen 2014).The primary role of the Health and Care Professions Council (HCPC) is providingprotection to the public. An occupational therapist must enrol under the HCPC in order toattain legal authority to practise within the UK and the professional practise must be carriedout in accordance with their practise standards (McLaughlin, Leigh and Worsley 2015). If aformal complaint is lodged or certain concern is raised against the registrant’s fitness topractise, the HCPC has the liberty to take account of whether their standards have beensatisfied. The practise set up of HCPC promotes the use of knowledge and skills of theoccupational therapists that they have learned through experience and education andcontinuing professional development (HCPC 2017). A professional therapist also needs toshowcase behaviours that facilitate and safeguard the well being of the service uses alongwith their carers, boarder mass and reputation of the profession. Maintenance of thesestandards will help in practitioner to practise is safe and effective manner while abiding bythe quality and meeting the registration requirement of the HCPC (Health HCPC 2017).According to human occupation concept, the term human is a dynamic system and theelements of the system function in unison to produce the behaviour. This behaviour too isdynamic and varies with context. Occupational behaviour is the main pillar of humansurvival, satisfaction and experience. However, person’s engagement in occupation, drivenby the occupational behaviour can change across the lifespan, being and this can be explainedunder the light ofModel of Human Occupation (MOHO)therapy.MOHO offers an integrative and broad view of human occupation. It explains howoccupation is patterned, motivated and performed. The main focus of the model is motivationfor occupation, the nature of the skilled performance, the impact of the environmental factors
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