Assignment on Occupational Therapy

Added on - 28 May 2020

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Running Head: OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY1Occupational Therapy
Occupational therapy2IntroductionThe occupational therapists assist the people in their lifetime to participate in different activitiesthrough therapeutically using everyday activities. The occupational therapy activities includecomprehensive evaluation of the individual goals and the surrounding environment of the client.They provide recommendations to adapt or change the environment and use training to fostercognitive or physical changes. The practitioners of occupational therapy modify the externalenvironment of the person as a part of the intervention plan (Atchison & Dirette, 2007). In thisprocedure, the practitioners plan to help children with disabilities to participate in socialactivities, assist people in recovering from injuries and assisting older patients in experiencingphysical and cognitive changes. It is a customized intervention, which improves the client’sability to perform daily activities and reach their personal and professional goal (Radomski &Latham, 2008). It also comprises of an evaluation plan, which ensures that the goals are met, andso that changes can be made to the intervention plan.The occupational therapy practitioners usually take a holistic approach in which they adapt theenvironment so that it fit the therapy plan. There are several phases in the occupational therapyservices; however, the main phases include an individualized evaluation in which completeevaluation of the client and their family is undertaken. It also comprises of customizedintervention in which a person enhances his abilities to perform daily activities and reach theirgoals. It also contains an outcome evaluation, which ensures that the daily goals of a person arebeing met and changes are being made to the intervention plan (Edmans, 2011). While makingan evaluation of the environment, the client makes a comprehensive evaluation of the workplace
Occupational therapy3and the school. They make recommendations for the adaptive environment and implementtraining for the parents, family members and other caregivers.Cooking as an OccupationThere are several uses and therapeutic efficiencies of cooking.It can incorporatedifferent concepts related to kitchen skills, energy conservation, hygiene skills. The cooking asan occupation can assist in functional use of their hands, maintaining tolerance, participating inother vocational activities and increasing socialization with patients (Hill, O’Brien & Yurt,2007).Eating and drinking food is essential in staying alive.However, the people lacking cooking skillscan join some vocational courses to learn about the skill. Occupational therapy can assist thepeople in learning this skill. In occupational therapy, occupation does not mean activities, whichare partaken to obtain a living. Contrary, it comprises of all the activities, which form the part ofdaily lives (Mulligan, 2013). It includes all the activities in the daily lives, such as washingdishes, taking care of children or reading books.People may not possess cooking skills for numerous reasons; however, joining a cooking groupcan address the situation. Occupational therapy is focused on providing appropriate skills, whichassist them in their daily routine. The cooking skills are important for the people with eatingdisorders; however, it can be taken by people with different requirements or skills.Health and Wellbeing of this Occupation
Occupational therapy4Cooking as an occupation is quite effective as the involvement in food preparation, such ascooking or baking can increase pleasure. The food preparation skills such as cooking or bakingare commonly used as an occupational therapy because of the numerous benefits. Baking canserve several purposes, which include skill development, which supports independent living,increase the leisure or the fun activity and increasing the opportunity for the social engagementof the people. Baking activity can be enjoyable for people with different level of skills. It can besimple or complex and people with different level of skills can contribute to it. It is a versatileskill and; therefore, people with different level of skills can contribute to it (Cara, & MacRae,2005). The participation in cooking or baking can provide purpose or meaning to the clients. It isa real-time way of filling time, which can provide motivation to the clients. It is a method tooccupy the time in a meaningful manner. Baking can assist the customer’s in organizing theirtime, engaging in activities, which induce pleasure and extend control over other activities.Cooking can also enhance concentration, increase coordination, and build self-esteem. All thesefactors can contribute to the uplifting of the self-esteem. It is important for the clients withlearning disabilities. Baking can offer therapeutic treatment so that it can improve functioning.Cooking is commonly used as an intervention technique for the people with mental health issues.It can serve as means to build confidence, acquire new skills, coping different challenges andincreasing the self-esteem of the clients (Haley & McKay, 2004).In disordered eating pattern, an activity is frequently performed as an addiction. It leads tomaladaptive occupational patterns. There are several health and wellbeing issues related tocooking. Cooking as an occupational therapy is necessary for the people with maladaptive
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