Operation Management Techniques

Added on - Dec 2020

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Operation Management
Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1MAIN BODY...................................................................................................................................1Overview operations management..............................................................................................1Operational scheduling................................................................................................................2Operational scheduling techniques............................................................................................2Layout planning and work system process.................................................................................4Importance of inventory management policies for controlling production cost.........................6CONCLUSION................................................................................................................................7REFERENCES................................................................................................................................8
INTRODUCTIONOperations management may be defined as the administrations of business practiceswhich helps in creating highest level of efficiency within the organisation.Operationsmanagement helps in converting the resources into desired goods and services and very buinesssuccess is managed though effective operations management(Seddighi and Mathew, 2018).Operation management can help the organisations in achieving success in business and alsohelps in fulfilling the business objectives by producing right kind of goods and service which arecapable for satisfying the customer's needs. In this report Land Rover is taken as a company,which is a British multinational car manufacturing company. This report discusses about theoperational scheduling techniques when an organisation works. This report also include thelayout planning and work system processes of Land Rover within the business. Present reportalso discusses about importance of inventory management policies in order to controlorganisation's production cost.MAIN BODYOverview operations managementOperation management is the important part of Land Rover which help the organisationin manufacturing the cars with effective use of resources like labour, money, raw materials andother resources in an organisation. With the help proper management is the operationsdepartment an organisation can improve its over all productivity. It is primarly concerned withthe planning, supervising and organising in areas of production and manufacturing processes. Ithelps to create high level of possible efficiency within the organisation (Tanabe,2019).Operations management is also concerned with converting raw materials into goods andservices with the effective use of labours in an organisation which results in maximising theprofits of an organisation. Operations management mainly focuses on careful management ofprocess to produce and distribute the products and services. Operations management helps theorganisation in understanding the role of operations management within the company and alsohelps to reduce production costs, improve the quality of products and reduce the delivery times itcan also embrace flexibility within the organisation and embraces innovations. Operationmanagement help in optimum utilisation of the resources which can lead to the enormous profitsfor an organisation. Operations management is important for a business as it helps in improvingthe product quality and also involves the continuous improvements in products and service1
which can result in high level of customer satisfaction. Operations management help thecompany to improve the revenue with increased quality and customer satisfaction.Operational schedulingIt is the process of arranging, controlling and optimising the work and workloads withinthe production process or manufacturing process within the organisation. It is the process ofallocating the plant and machinery resources, human resources, production process etc within theorganisation(Yamashita and Kimura, 2019).There are two types of operational scheduling suchas forward operational scheduling and backward operational scheduling which can be explainedbelow:Forward operational scheduling:It is a type of a scheduling technique with the aim of makingthe most effective use if resources in order to complete a task. It can be classified on the basis oftime as well as the activities which are scheduled from the planned date. First task is scheduledand Subsequent task is schedule on the scheduled completion of first task.Backward operations Scheduling:It is the method of determining the schedule from the duedate to start date by working backwards. It is the process in which activities are based on timeand date that means last task scheduled will be performed first.Operational scheduling techniquesThere are various techniques which are involved in operational scheduling which can bedescribed below:Preemptive scheduling:It is a scheduling technique in which a running process in themanufacturing are of the company can be interrupted if any high priority process enters in thequeue. If any process is allocated to a CPU it can be taken away, the strategy of allowing processto be temporarily suspended is called preemptive scheduling(Sugiyama and Iba, 2018).Thistechnique is used when any process switches from running state to ready state or also fromwaiting state to ready state. It this technique CPU is allocated to the process only for a limitedtime and also the execution process in the preemptive scheduling is interrupted in the middle ofthe execution process if any higher priority come in the middle of the execution process.2
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