Organizational Behavior Sample Assignment

Added on - 24 Mar 2021

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ORGANISATINAL BEHAVIOURPRESENTED BY ALVIN MUIGAIPRESENTED TO MR. BRILL OTIENO1
DeclarationI confirm that this assignment is my own work and has not been copied from someone else eitherpublished or unpublished. It has also not been submitted for assessment at Intel College or anylearning institution. I also approve that I have read and understood the department and collegerules and regulations on plagiarism on the course handbook2
AcknowledgmentI would like to recognize all those who played a role in my academic activities. First and foremost I would like to thank my teacher Mr. Brill who allowed me to take part in his class. He alsotook his time to show me how my assignment should be done.3
AbstractThis document consists of two tasks. Part A critically analyses how the culture, politics andpower at Vivo energy can influence individual and team behavior and performance. In addition,it provides an evaluation of how content and process theories of motivation and motivationaltechniques enable Vivo Energy achieve its goals.Part B explains what makes an effective team as opposed to an ineffective team. In addition, italso analyses relevant team and group development theories to support the development ofcooperation within effective teams, it also applies and evaluates how concept and philosophies oforganizational behavior inform and influence behavior within a business situation..4
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ContentsDeclaration.......................................................................................................................................2Acknowledgment.............................................................................................................................3Abstract............................................................................................................................................4Influence of Organizational Culture, Politics and Power on Team and Individual Behavior andPerformance.....................................................................................................................................6Influence of culture according to Charles Handy Theory...............................................................6Power...............................................................................................................................................8Different sources of Power..............................................................................................................8Politics...........................................................................................................................................10Influence of content and process theories and motivational Techniques in the effectiveness ofAchieving Goals............................................................................................................................11Content Theory..............................................................................................................................11Herzberg Theory............................................................................................................................11Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs.......................................................................................................14Process Theory...............................................................................................................................16Vroom's expectancy theory............................................................................................................16Goal Setting Theory of Motivation................................................................................................18Equity theory.................................................................................................................................19Impact of motivational theories on the behavior of employees at vivo.........................................20Motivational Techniques...............................................................................................................22Influence of Effective Application of Behavioral Motivational Theories, Concept and Models onOthers.............................................................................................................................................23Relationship between culture, Politics, Power and Motivation that enables teams andorganizations success.....................................................................................................................23Teamwork......................................................................................................................................25Effective Teamwork......................................................................................................................25Characteristics of Effective team work..........................................................................................25Ineffective Teamwork....................................................................................................................26Characteristics of Ineffective Teamwork.......................................................................................26Comparison between effective and Ineffective teamwork............................................................285 common problems experienced by team that impact their effectiveness by Lencioni’s 5Dysfunctions of a Team.................................................................................................................316
Organizational Concepts and Philosophies at Vivo Energy..........................................................33Link between Philosophy and Concept at Vivo energy.................................................................34An Evaluation of Concepts and Philosophies inform of how they Influence behavior bothPositive and Negative....................................................................................................................34Nature of people............................................................................................................................34Nature of Organization..................................................................................................................35Leadership Theories.......................................................................................................................36Theory X and Theory Y.................................................................................................................37Goal setting theory and Influence on Employees..........................................................................38Influence on Employees................................................................................................................38Contingency Theory......................................................................................................................39Influence on leaders.......................................................................................................................39Bibliography..................................................................................................................................407
P1 AND M1 Influence of Organizational Culture, Politics andPower on Team and Individual Behavior and PerformanceTylor’s defines culture as “that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals,law, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society”.[ CITATION Tyl12 \l 1033 ]Organizational culture is the collective effect of the common beliefs, behaviors, and values of thepeople within a company.[ CITATION Mic18 \l 1033 ]Influence of culture according to Charles Handy TheoryPerson culturePerson culture is an unusual culture. It is not found in many organizations, yet many peopleespouse some of its values. This type of culture is illustrated by a loose cluster or a constellationof stars. In this culture, the individual is the focal point; if there is a structure or an organization,it exists only to serve and assist the individuals within it, to further their own interests withoutany overriding objective.Clearly, not many organizations can exist with this sort of culture, or produce it, sinceorganizations tend to have some form of corporate objective over and above the personalobjectives of those who comprise them. Furthermore, control mechanisms, and evenmanagement hierarchies, are impossible in these cultures except by mutual consent. Anindividual can leave the organization, but the organization seldom has the power to evict anindividual. Influence is shared and the power base, if needed, is usually expert; that is, people dowhat they are good at and are listened to for their expertiseRole CultureOrganizations with a role culture are based on rules. They are highly controlled, with everyone inthe organization knowing what their roles and responsibilities are. Power in a role culture isdetermined by a person's position (role) in the organizational structure.Role cultures are built on detailed organizational structures which are typically tall (not flat) witha long chain of command. A consequence is that decision-making in role cultures can often be8
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