Organisational Behaviour of 2m Group Limited

Added on - Dec 2020

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ORGANISATIONALBEHAVIOR IN 2M GROUPLIMITED1
TABLE OF CONTENTINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................4TASK 1............................................................................................................................................4P1 Analyze the effect of culture, power and politics on individual and team behavior within2m group limited..........................................................................................................................4M1 Critically analyze how the culture, politics and power of 2m Group Limited can influenceindividual and team behavior and performance...........................................................................6TASK 2............................................................................................................................................6P2 Evaluate how content and process theories of motivation and motivational techniquesenable in effective achievement of goals in 2m group limited....................................................6M2 Critically evaluate how to influence the behavior of others by applying behavioralmotivational theories, concepts and models................................................................................8TASK 3............................................................................................................................................9P3 Explain what makes an effective team as opposed to an ineffective team within 2m grouplimited?........................................................................................................................................9M3 Analyze relevant team and group development theories to support the development ofdynamic cooperation..................................................................................................................10TASK 4..........................................................................................................................................12P4 Apply concepts and philosophies of organizational behavior within 2m group limited......12M4 Explore and evaluate how concepts and philosophies of OB inform and influence behaviorin both a positive and negative way...........................................................................................12CONCLUSION..............................................................................................................................13REFERENCES..............................................................................................................................14Figure 1 Maslow's Need Hierarchy theory of motivation...............................................................7Figure 2 Tuckman’s approach.......................................................................................................102
INTRODUCTIONOrganizational culture can be defined as a set of expectations, expertise and philosophy,which is used to guide the overall behavior of team members within a company. It is expressedin employees through a set of working strategies adopted by them and how they interact with theother staff members (Tang and et.al., 2017). It is thus essential to have a good work culture in acompany as it puts an impact on overall working of a person not only as an individual but alsowithin a team (Schuette, 2016). The present study has thus been carried out as a human resourcemanager of 2m group limited. It is a UK based SME that is involved in distribution of chemicalsand other services such as managing samples, storage and blending (2M group, 2018). Thecompany was formed in year 2004 and has an objective to become aninternational chemicaldistributor.The requirement of present report is to assess organizational culture practices that arebeen practiced in company and suggest recommendations so as to improve employeeperformance. This will be done by focusing on aspects related to culture, power and politics andits impact on employee working. This will be followed by studying the motivation, leadership aswell as team work practices in the company.TASK 1P1 Analyze the effect of culture, power and politics on individual and team behavior within 2mgroup limitedCulture, power and politics within 2m Group limited have put many positive and negativeimpacts on the behavior of employee as an individual and in team. These are as follows;Influence of cultureIt has been found that the company adheres with role culture on account of its workprocesses that involves for dealing with hazardous chemicals. Hence, the need on part ofmanagement is to maintain proper control and also supervise overall activities of employees.This can only be done by adopting role culture where a person can be given important position tohold a power over working of employees. Hence the culture seems to be best suitable as perpresent scenario but performance of employees can further be improved by having an awarenessof cultural differences of staff members so that they can be managed in best manner (Ismail andet.al., 2017). This can be done by applying Hofstede theory in order to improve the process ofworkplace communication. This technique can be used to assess cultural background of an3
employee so as to help in generating the best behavior from them. For example, employees whoare from United States of America (USA) usually have a cultural upbringing where they shareinformation on a free basis and are quite comfortable with the supervisor. They also give inputfrom time to time which increases there motivation level. They further have a presence of highmasculinity index wherein the employee makes an attempt to generate high performance andcompetes with other staff members (López and Montalvo, 2015). He or she is always ready toaccept novel ideas and innovation due to presence of lowuncertainty avoidance index. Hence,the above mentioned strategies should be taken care by management while dealing with anemployee from US culture. This will assist in generating high performance from them. Theleadership strategy can also be molded by management accordingly so as to make it work as percultural grounds. Things may be easy, if the manager is from US but may create difficulty inother cases (Allan and et.al., 2017).Influence of politicsThere is also a presence of politics within 2m group limited which has been found to puta big impact on working of employees. This has been quite prevalent when the companyunderwent structural changes and also appointed a new manager in recent time. There was anexistence of rigidness from some employees on account of office politics (Zhu, Djurjagina andLeker, 2014). This happened in the presence of old manager they were able to put an impact onofficial policy decisions made by management officials in 2m Limited. But with change instructure and management, it was not possible to mold the decisions.Influence of PowerIn the same lines, there has also been existence of power relations in 2m Limited. Theinfluence of power is of huge importance as work in operations section of company involveselements like increased safety, more control and supervision. Hence, management officials in thecompany have been followingexpert and legitimate power. These come on account ofexperience and level of expertise held by a person as well as formal rights given to employee bymanagement (Lu, Plewa and Ho, 2017). These two forms of power are apt but there can also be ausage of reward power so as to increase employee performance. Hence, employees should berewarded in case they do exceptional work for the company. The rewards may not be monetaryin nature but can also be in from of praise, recognition, gift vouchers or promotion.4
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