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Organisational Behaviour of A David & Co Limited - Assignment

Added on - 23 Nov 2020

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Organisational Behaviour
Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION..........................................................................................................................1TASK 1............................................................................................................................................1P1 Analyse how an organization's culture, politics and power influence individual and teambehaviour and performance....................................................................................................1TASK 2............................................................................................................................................3P2 Content and process theories of motivation......................................................................3TASK 3............................................................................................................................................6P3 Explain what makes an effective team as opposed to an ineffective team.......................6TASK 4............................................................................................................................................9P4 Apply concepts and philosophies of organizational behaviour.........................................9CONCLUSION.............................................................................................................................10REFERENCES.............................................................................................................................11
INTRODUCTIONOrganization behavior refers to a study of human behaviors at work place as per normsand policies of a business concern which are compulsory to be followed by staff members.Everycompany have their own concept of manufacturing goods to run a business. According to whichthey establish several rules and regulations which should be followed by employees in propermanner(Al-Zu’bi, 2010). A David & Co Limited is an American foodfavorcompany whichproduces approximately 40,000 flavors, stabilizers and natural colors. The company isestablished by A David Michael and Herman Hertz in Philadelphia and it operates in Illinois,California, Mexico, France and China. Thus, the report is based on organization's culture,politics and power which impacts on performance of an individual and team as well. In addition,it also includes motivational theories, aspects of effective and ineffective team and philosophiesof organization behavior.TASK 1P1 Analyse how an organization's culture, politics and power influence individual and teambehaviour and performance.Organizational cultures refers to the behavior of people who are working within anenterprise which can be a small and large company. There are some rules to interact with thepeople who are working there. This is an effective tool to manage the teams so that they canenhance their productivity and performance as well. The organization has some policies wherethe employees works in coordination and delivers the output that can achieve the goals andobjective of A David & Co Limited. There are three key elements which impacts on the behaviorand performance of an individual along with the team. These factors are known as culture,politics and power and that are given below -Charles Handy Model of Organization CultureCharles Handy is a renowned philosopher who developed organization culturetheory(Ali, 2010). There are four basic types of culture which are followed by the organizationnamely, power, role, task and person. These are mentioned as below -Power culture- According to this aspect, power is held by the individual who has animpact on the entire organization. For an instance,as the CEO or the Managing director of ADavid & Co Limited, are the influential personality of the entire organization.They have thepower to establish the rules and regulations and right to decision. They also assigns authorities1
to their sub – ordinates to analyze the performance of their employees. The managers also hasauthorities to take decision on the behalf of top management. As mangers has the power take thedecision for the employees benefits.Role Culture– Every employee has some roles and responsibilities according to theirspecialization, educational qualification and skills and position in the company as well(Baum,Frese and Baron, 2014). In such culture, the employees plays a vital role because they takes theresponsibility to accomplish the challenging tasks.As at A David & Co Limited, everyindividual are assigned such activities for which only the employees are accountable They havechoice to select task but at that same time they have liability to complete task because powercomes with responsibility. That's why every individual is accountable for their work which isassigned to them.Task culture: A David & Co Limited has a task culture because teams put their effortsin synergy to attain task or resolve issues. The employees who are involved in a team have thesame interest and specialization forms a team to achieve the goals and objectives of the firm. Thetask culture is that the every member of the team will put equal efforts to accomplish the taskwith a new approach. Thus, the major impact of this culture is to raise the profit and productivityof the organization.Person culture :According to this, an employee has a perception that they are mostimportant rather than the organization. That's why it is known as person culture because peopleare more concerned about themselves rather the firm where they are working. In this condition,it can adversely impact on the A David & Co Limited because the workers are not loyal towardsthe organization.Organization politics :Politics plays a vital role throughout the organizationbecause itimpacts upon the individuals, and team of the company(DeChurch and Mesmer-Magnus,2010).As creates the conflicts among the workers who are working there and it impact on theirwork efficiency. The employees plays politics at A David & Co Limited to come in the front ofthe higher authorities. It impacts on the organization such as -Decrease in the productivity– These kinds of employees are pays less attention towardstheir work and spend their time in leg pulling, back biting and criticizing others. Hence, itreduces the productivity of A David & Co Limited.2
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