Organisational Behaviour Assignment - General Motors

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ORGANISATIONALBEHAVIOUR ANDTHEMANAGEMENT OFPEOPLE
Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1DEFINITION OF TOPICS..............................................................................................................1Motivation To Work...................................................................................................................1Leadership...................................................................................................................................1Managing Change.......................................................................................................................2THEORIES......................................................................................................................................2Motivation Theories....................................................................................................................2Leadership Theories....................................................................................................................3Change Management Theories....................................................................................................4APPLICATION OF THEORIES.....................................................................................................5Transformational Leadership Theory..........................................................................................5Kotter's Change Management Theory.........................................................................................6CONCLUSION................................................................................................................................8REFERENCES................................................................................................................................9
INTRODUCTIONOrganisational Behaviour is a specific area of practice which is associated with behaviourof individuals within a company setting. It is one of the most crucial aspects within a businessorganisation which helps a company in identifying their behaviour and to ensure a betterconceptualisation of the belief system followed within the company(Kitchin, 2017).Furthermore, another prominent function of the organisation is management of people. Thefollowing report is based on General Motors one of the most reputed automotive organisationswithin the UK. It covers three effective topics: Motivation to work, Leadership and ManagingChange and it includes thorough definition of authors related to these topics, two theories foreach topic and their application in these two organisation.DEFINITION OF TOPICSMotivation To WorkAccording to Herzberg (2017), Motivation is a phenomenon which is defined as a reasonor motive of individuals to effectively perform a specific task. In addition to this, this elementcould also be outlined as a set of internal processes which ensure inclination of people towardsworking. According to the author, motivation within human beings is directly influenced by theirbehaviour towards a given activity.As per the views of Miner (2015), Motivation refers to a driving force which stimulatesbehaviour of individuals within an organisation for the agenda of initiation and sustainability of abehaviour. It is a desire which influence a person or group to perform an activity to attainsomething specific.LeadershipIn accordance with the viewpoints ofAntonakis and Day (2017), Leadership means asocial construction as well as a firm action or set of behaviour inflicted within certain individualsto lead other people within a team or organisation to achieve a desired goal. It is a goalinfluencing procedure which takes place between leaders and subordinates.Grin, Jones and Holt (2016) define leadership as a direct setting which is appropriatelyconnected to movement, change and persuasion. It is an effective construction of a novel strategywhich influences behaviour of other individuals within an organisation.1
Managing ChangeAccording to views ofBeech and MacIntosh (2017), Change is an element which refersto a shift or transition in a pattern in which things or processes happen. Moreover, Managingchange is a process to appropriately analysing and evaluating this transition and manage thesame to ensure utmost effectiveness in procedures and practice of an organisation.As per Al-Haddad and Kotnour (2015), managing change is leading an organisation froma particular state of affairs to a new and unique set of pathway. It requires organisations to adoptseveral different methods and approaches to ensure effectiveness in working of the company.THEORIESMotivation TheoriesMaslow's Motivation TheoryOne of the widely used motivational theories, this theory is based on effective needs ofindividuals working within an organisation, fulfilling which leaders can assure effectivemotivation within their individuals(Bester, Stander and Van Zyl, 2015). This theory highlightsfive essential needs of each individual which are described below:Psychological Needs:These are basic amenities like shelter, water and food which arethe most dominant needs that must be fulfilled by leaders to keep the employeesmotivated.Safety Needs:This need reflects an individual's need for protection and security. Thisrequires leaders and managers within organisations to provide job security, insurancepolicies, etc., which provides their subordinates of having a sense of security within thefirm.Belongingness:After the above needs are fulfilled, the next type of needs is the sense ofbelongingness among individual to experience acceptance within social groups. This isvery important for organisations to fulfil in relation to motivate their workforce.Self-Esteem:It is crucial for employees within an organisation to be effectivelyrespected, valued as well as appreciated by other employees. This need must be fulfilledfor consistent motivation within the workplace(Coccia, 2015).2
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