Organisational Behaviour Assignment (OB) - TESCO

Added on - Nov 2020

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Organisational Behaviour
Table of Contents
INTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1
TASK 1............................................................................................................................................1
P1.Analysis of Organisation's culture, politics and power in TESCO........................................1
M1. Culture, politics and power of an organisation...................................................................3
TASK 2............................................................................................................................................4
P2. Content and process theories of motivation.........................................................................4
M2. Influence the behaviour of others.......................................................................................5
TASK 3............................................................................................................................................5
P3. Explain what makes an effective team as opposed to an ineffective team...........................5
M3 Analyse relevant team and group development...................................................................7
TASK 4............................................................................................................................................7
P4 Apply concepts and philosophies of organisational behaviour within an organisational
context and a given business situation........................................................................................7
M4. OB inform and influence behaviour in both a positive and negative way..........................8
CONCLUSION................................................................................................................................8
REFERENCES................................................................................................................................9
INTRODUCTION
Organisationalbehaviouristhestudyofindividualsandgroupsperformanceand
activities which are held or perform within an organisation. It is a study of human behaviour in
organisational settings and making rules or policies for better performance and achievement. It is
human tool for human benefit. OB is the basis of human resource management and development.
It mainly focuses on individual behaviour and group behaviour. In this assignment discuss about
organisational behaviour of TESCO(Wood and et. al., 2012). It isBritish multinational general
merchandise and grocery retailer. It is establish throughJack Cohen in 1919. It hasdiversified
into areas for an instance clothing, retailing of books, electronics, furniture, petrol, toys,
software, financial services etc.
TASK 1
P1.Analysis of Organisation's culture, politics and power in TESCO
Organisational Culture
It refers to system of beliefs and shared values which governshow the employees and
employerbehavewithintheorganisation.InTESCO, itrepresentbeliefs,principlesand
collectivevaluesoforganisationalmembersandisproductoffactorsforaninstance
managementstyles,nationalcultureandtechnologyetc.market,technology,strategy,
management style and national culture. It defined the way of operating organisation which
affects the social and psychological environment of the business. The organisational culture can
be understand in a better way by the theories. There are different theories of organisational
culture (Robbins and et. al., 2013). By Handy's typology here explained the organisational
culture of TESCO.
Handy's Typology
This culture is described by Handy's Typology in four steps such as:
Power culture
In this culture the power remains in the hands of only few people and only they are
authorized to take decisions. In TESCO these people are most important in the organisation and
are the major decision makers. The employees do not have the right to express their views and
shareideas on openly. They follow only those work and things what their superior says. In
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TESCO the performance is judged on the basis of results. The managers of this organisation get
this culture right so that it results come right to satisfied the organisation.
Task culture
It is project or job oriented. In this culture the skills of an individual are highly valued. In
TESCO teams are formed to solve particular problem which are arise in the organisation related
to work or workplace. In the organisation, it uses small team approach, where people are highly
skilled and specialized in their own area of expert (Coccia, 2014). TESCO use this culture to
assign the task in teams to increase productivity and for good creatingcommunication between
the team members.
Person culture
It is an usual culture in the organisation. It is not found in every organisation. In TESCO,
under this kind of culture, the main focus is on the people.The people normally behave as
superior to the organisation.People are concerned about own as comparison to company.They
are seldom loyal towards the organisation's management and never decide in favour of the
organisation.
Role culture
In this culture, each staff member is to be delegatedtowards theirresponsibilities and
rolesaccording their specialization, educational qualification and interest to extract the best out
of him to the organisation.
TESCO offers, employees within security, opportunities and culture for acquire the any
person that is expert in their field and employer will be rewarded the effective pay scale along
with the promotion.TESCO use this culture to assign task particularly helps in achieving the
organisational goals.
Influence of power
Power is the ability to influence others for getting results. In TESCO it use by employer
for employees so that they perform better and the organisation can achieve its goals (Thomson
and Van Niekerk, 2012). There are different powers in the organisation such as:
Legitimate power
It is also knows as positional power. This power can be use in TESCO to help in making
quick decision. This power comes from position a person in holding the organisation. The person
who has position in the hierarchy, doesn't look on the rights of employees.
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