Organisational Behaviour of A David & Co Limited Assignment (Solved)

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Organisational
Behaviour
INTERODUCTION
Organisational behaviour refers the study in which people interact within the groups and
organisation. Organisational behaviour theory is applied for the human resource for maximise
the productivity of the individuals (Organizational Behaviour. 2017). It is a branch of social
science and application of knowledge that how employees are behave in the workplace. In this
report, chosen organisation is A David & Co Limited which deals in food and beverages (Bester,
Stander and Van Zyl, 2015) . In this report include organisational culture, power and politics and
content and process theories of motivation in which involve Maslow's need theory, Vroom's
Expectancy theory, Alderfer's ERG theory and motivational techniques. In this also consists
effective and effective team and many other various teams, Tuckman' and Jensen's model and
benefits of team. At last include, concept and philosophies of organisational behaviour and path
goal theory and its barriers.
TASK 1
P1. Organisational culture, power and politics:
Organisational culture:
Organisational culture covers behaviours and values which contribute in the
psychological and unique social environment of the business. This culture affects the manner of
persons in which they interact. Organisational culture stand for the collective principles, beliefs
and values of business members. In this culture involves customs, attitudes, values, beliefs,
vision, norms, symbols, systems, language, habits and assumption. It is a way in which A David
& Co Limited treats its customers, employees, community etc. and conducts its business. The
level, in which freedom is permitted in developing creative ideas, decision making, personal
expression etc.
Types of organisational culture:
Culture is many types such as power culture, task, role, person culture which are as
follows:
Power culture: In power culture organisation, power is handle by only some individuals
who influence all the employees with their power and direction. Power culture hold some rules
and regulation which are adopted by those individuals who has power to influence others.
Managers of A David & Co Limited who holds the power, judged and evaluate their employees
through what they achieve rather than how they doing act and work in the company(Bissell and
1
Dolan, 2012) . This culture is principally a strong culture which reduce the all the barriers
regarding performance and work.
Role culture: Role culture are focused on the rules. This culture is controlled highly in
which every individuals know about their works and duties that in which manner they have to
perform their duties in the organisation. This culture has tall structure with long chain of
command. In this culture, decision making process is very slow and organisations is not
interested to take risk. In A David & Co Limited, roles and duties are delegated to the employees
according to their qualification and specialisation.
Task culture: In an organisation, task culture is establish when teams are formed for
solving any particular task and project. In this, power is shift according to status of the project
and problems. In A David & Co Limited, right mix of personalities, skills and good leadership
working in the group can be creative and productive. Normally in each teams four to five
members are exists and each members give their equal efforts and complete the task in the
innovative way.
Person culture: In this culture, persons are see themselves as unique and superior for the
organisation. Organisation also exists for their employees, labours who work for the growth and
development of the organisation. In A David & Co Limited, person culture is very important
because they exists because of their productive employees and workers.
From above all the culture, A David & Co Limited adopt the person culture which is very
productive and creative to them.
Organisational power:
Organisational power is an ability to impact others in best manner. It is a capability to
influence and direct others people behaviours in the organisation with the effective control and
utilisation of the resources. It is relationship of exchange in which transaction is occurs when
managers use the power and influence the other's behaviour(Carlström and Ekman, 2012) .
Types of power:
power is many types who influence the people in several way such as reward power,
coercive power, legitimate power etc.
Coercive power: It is a power who able to punish others for not following the directions
and orders. When coercive power is use on the daily basis then its result comes in fear,
dysfunction etc. Because this power is a threat of something destructive and negative and
2

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