LO 1 Influence of organisational culture, power and politics on individual and team

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Organisational Behaviour
Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1LO 1................................................................................................................................................1Influence of organisational culture, power and politics on individual and team behaviour andperformance...........................................................................................................................1LO2 Content and process theory of motivation....................................................................2LO3 Effective team and ineffective team.............................................................................7LO 4 Organisation behaviour philosophies.........................................................................12CONCLUSION.............................................................................................................................15Reference......................................................................................................................................17
INTRODUCTIONOrganizational behavior is related to the way the people in the organization interact witheach other. It is the study of the people in the organization to understand their behavior. Thisstudy will consider A David & Company limited which is a medium sized organization involvedin food and beverages industry. The turnover of this company is between £10 M to £20 M. It willconsider task such as organizational culture, politics and powers and their influence on theindividual and team behavior and performance. Moreover, it will provide understanding ofprocess and content theories of motivation in order to achieve the organizational goals andobjectives effectively. Furthermore, it will provide differentiation between the effective andineffective teams.LO 1Influence of organisational culture, power and politics on individual and team behaviour andperformanceOrganizational culture is related to the values, shared opinions, perceptions, code ofconducts etc. which are developed within the organization and guides the behavior of itsmembers (Four types of Organizational Culture,2018). There are different types oforganizational cultures which consist of Power, role, task and person.Role culture :It is based on rules and are highly controlled with everyone in theorganization knowing what are the roles and responsibilities. Power in the role culture isdefined by the position of person in the organization (Chumg And et.al., 2016). Thisculture of organization involved different roles played by the members of organization. Itis the culture which is successful in stable environment. Position is the main powersource in role culture. In this culture rules and procedure the methods of influence. Roleculture have a great influence of the individual and team performance and behavior. Itoffers security and the individual is rewards foe its better performance.Power culture :Power in the organization is held with few individuals and they have aninfluence on the whole organization (Coccia, 2015). There are few rules and regulationin the power culture. In this culture, employees are judged on the basis of theirachievements. This culture has a great influence on individual and team performance andbehavior as this the power within the hands of individuals may affect the performance ofother members of organization.1
Task culture :It is culture which is formed when teams are made in order to solve thespecific task or problem. It is a job or project oriented. It brings the right people for rightjob. Most managers prefer to work in the task culture with its emphasis on groups andexpert powers. The individual performance is affected in this kind of culture because ofthe belief and opinions in the teams are different due to difference in the opinions of theteam members.Person culture :In this culture the organization focus on the employees. This type oforganisation exist in power to provide work to the individuals and thus this organizationmay not be successful and they don't have clearly defined and goals and objectives fortheir business (Quinn, 2016). In this, people believe they are superior in the organization.The power lies in the hand of group of individuals.A David & company limited follow thee role culture because it the most effective cultureto be followed by every organization because it clearly defines the roles and responsibilities ofthe individual and can provide them understanding about their work in the organization. It isrecommended to The company to use negative politics in the organization to increase thesatisfaction level of employees and retain them, in business for the long run. Moreover, thepower must be used in the right manner to increase the performance level of the employees inorganization to increase productivity of firm.Power in the organization affect the performance of the individual because the authorityhaving these power can use this power to demotivate the employees by not appraising theirperformance and thus the employees turnover of the company is increased which affect thebusiness profitability and productivity (Jacob and Goodman, 2018). Politics in the organizationhave a great influence on the performance and behavior of team because it decreases the overallproductivity of the organization and changes the attitude of the employees due to which they loseinterest in their work. Employees which are involved in the politics may provide wronginformation which may affect the individual success and growth in that organization.LO2 Content and process theory of motivationContent theory gives answer of why individual need get changes with time where processtheory deals with how particular behavior can be managed, stopped and increases. Contenttheory helps A David & Co manager to understand the origin of motivation in individual.Absence of these motivational factor trigger dissatisfaction in them which eventually turned into2
negative behavior at workplace. There are so popular content theory are available in organizationbehavior like Herzberg's- hygiene theory, McClellan's three-needs theory, Mas-low's hierarchyof needs and Alderfer's ERG theory (Miner, 2015.). Process theory put emphasis on understandthe motivational process. Theory states that an individual chooses any course of action basedupon reward, preference and sense of accomplishment attached with work. Popular processmotivation models are expectancy, goal setting, reinforcement and equity model. Model uses byDavid & Co manager is given below:Maslow's Hierarchy of NeedsAbraham Maslowidentifies five need of humans in 1943. According to author individualtries to meet their basic need first. They feel motivate to move further only when their essentialneed get fulfilled. Classification of need are done one five dimension i.e.physiological needslikehunger, sleep, shelter, security need which involves safety of body, employment security, jobsecurity, health and prosperity. Social need belong to relationships, family and friend circle,lastly self actualization need are creativity, morale, achievements and recognition (Borkowski,2015).3
Manager tries to imply model in organization as they try to recognize and fulfill theseneed in workplace. For instance employees get enough time and number of breaks so that theirwork speed and efficiency wont impact by hunger. Security is assured by manager by apply allthe legal compliance given in, NationalMinimum Wage Act 1998, pension act 2008 andemployment right act 1996. Social need are taken care of by allow employee participation indecision making, arrange informal tours, parties and get- together. Manager also provide reward,recognition and appreciation to employee for their extra- ordinary efforts (Podsakoff, MacKenzieand Podsakoff, 2018). Challenging work along with resource required to get that work complete,is also given by manager so that personnel satisfies their self actualization needs as well.Equity motivation theoryThis theory developed on an assumption that individual's efforts is influenced by theirperception of equity. If people find fairness in required they feel motivated and put their moreeffort. In case they find themselves undervalued they lower their efforts to think to switch the4Illustration1: Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs(Sources:Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs,2018)
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