Organization Behavior Assignment TESCO

Added on - 21 Feb 2021

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OrganisationalBehaviour
Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1TASK 1............................................................................................................................................1An analysis of the characteristics of different organisational structures................................1An explanation of how the culture of an organisation can impact on the effectiveness of theorganisation............................................................................................................................2An assessment of the impact of learning on the effectiveness of employees.........................3An evaluation of how working in teams can improve employee effectiveness.....................4TASK 2............................................................................................................................................5Evaluate different leadership behaviour theories...................................................................5Analyse theories relating to work relationships and interactions...........................................6TASK 3............................................................................................................................................7Covered In PPT......................................................................................................................7CONCLUSION................................................................................................................................7REFERENCES................................................................................................................................9
INTRODUCTIONOrganisational behaviour is subset of management activities which is concerned withunderstanding, predicting as well as influencing behaviour of individual in organisational setting.Moreover, it aids to encourage staff as well as maintain relationship within firm (Burrell andMorgan, 2017). For this report the chosen company is TESCO which is a leading multinationalgroceries as well as general merchandise retailer. Its headquarters is in Welwyn Garden City,UK. This report will going to analyse characteristics of different organisational structure as wellas explain how organisational culture impact on effectiveness of company. It will also evaluatethat working in team can improve employees effectiveness. In addition to this, differentleadership theories will be discuss along with their relationship and interactions to workingcondition. In the end, benefits and issues will be analyse with involving staff withinorganisational decision making.TASK 1An analysis of the characteristics of different organisational structuresOrganisational structure is considered as the system which shows how all activities aredirected for attaining the objectives of firms. These activities can involve norms, accountabilitiesand roles. Moreover, this ascertains the flow of information among several levels intoorganisation. The different organisational structures determined as follows:Tall structure:This is considered as the simplest structure among each and every formof organisational structure. Characteristics approach of tall structure as it is an upward todownward approach of an arrangement. It is also known as 'long chain of an organisation'which is operating from the top management to lower level of management. TESCO canuse this structure as it’s a clear and simple structure with no hassle. There is limited areafor control or to communicate with subordinate, it will help in tight supervision. Eachstage of this shows all the responsibility and control lines.Flat structure:It is an organisation structure which have few or no levels ofmanagement within staff level employees and management (Christina and et.al., 2014).TESCO can implement this because the main aim of structure is to make the employees alarger part of decision making criteria. It creates good working spirit and communicationbetween top and lower management. There less bureaucracy and lower costs due to few1
levels of management.There are several characteristics of flat organisational structuresuch as it have few levels of management, broadly define jobs as well as flexibleboundaries within jobs and units.Functional structure:It is an hierarchical organisational structure in that people aregrouped based on their specialisation areas. Function structure have major characteristicthat people are classified as per the function performed by them within company.Thisstructure is categorised into two divisions which are factory and planning division. In thiseach worker is not dependent upon only on superior for instructions as their authoritiesare line, staff and functional. The scope of work is limited but area of authority isunlimited. Manager of TESCOcan easy allot task to their staff member throughfunctional structure as they are classified in proper manner on the basis of specialisation.Matrix structure:Matrix structure is also known as 'multiple command structure' withfunctional and horizontal chain of command (Coccia and Cadario, 2014). It is thatorganisational structure where teams of specialists of different areas are used to achievespecific results and objectives. Under this structure employee have multiple superiors andreporting lines. Characteristic of matrix organisational structure is that every individualhave to report their manager which result in less chances of mistake while conducting anyactivity. TESCO can exercise this as the matrix structure integrates efforts of functional,project, vertical and horizontal lines of authority.An explanation of how the culture of an organisation can impact on the effectiveness of theorganisationOrganisationculture refers to the values and behaviours that helps anbusiness firmtocontribute in social and psychological environment. It means the belief, values, ideologies,expectations, attitudes and norms that helps to put an organisation together. Every company hasits own personality; this is termed as the culture of that organisation. It is related to shared valuesas well as beliefs which guide people how to behave in anorganisation(Diedericks andRothmann, 2014). Organisational culture is the combination of values, beliefs and assumptionswhich defines the impact on employee’s thoughts, behaviour and feeling in organisation.Organisational culture plays a vital role in developing positive environment withinorganisation. Sound culture results in well-motivated employees as well as help in conductingbusiness activities successfully. It creates working environment more creative and impressive.2
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