Organisational Management Assignment
Added on - 21 Apr 2020
Running head: ORGANISATIONAL MANAGEMENTORGANISATIONAL MANAGEMENTName of the Student:Name of the University:Author Note:
ORGANISATIONAL MANAGEMENT1Changes to the Factory System by implementation of the Scientific Management PrinciplesThe metaphors that are used by Morgan perceive organisations as a technical instrument,that is used to achieve some specific outcome. Both the humans and equipment of anorganisation work together in mechanical efficiency to attain a goal (Morgan 1980). Morgan’smetaphors view organisations as living beings, which need resources to stay alive, unlike otherbooks on organisation that take its existence for granted. Just like living organisms, the keyinstruments of an organisation have to survive based on different resources.Some of these metaphors are applicable to the factory system in a very basic and primalmanner: they exist even without any significant knowledge about their existence and theyperform their tasks even if they are not assigned to them with any proper knowledge about theirfunctions. Like a living organism, the organisation is considered to be a single entity thatfunctions from a basic and core area, which processes the information and takes key decisions onbehalf of the entire organisation (Örtenblad, Trehan and Putnam 2016).On the other hand, these metaphors can also be applied after the implementation of thescientific management in order to make sure that they are used in the most efficient way possiblethat would be best serving for the organisation (Morgan 1980). With knowledge on the differentkey attributes and parts of the organisation, there would also be detailed ideas about which ofthese parts or entities of the organisation helps in which specific operations of the company. Thiswould be tremendously helpful when the organisation has to focus on something specific andboost their operations in one particular field.Morgan’s metaphors are essential in the sense that they give valuable insight into thedifferent factors that make up the entire operations of the organisation and also give ideas
ORGANISATIONAL MANAGEMENT2regarding which of these aspects can be used in the right manner to enhance particularorganisational operations.Organisational BureaucracyThere are many debates regarding the rational bureaucratic model of the organisation.This model is built on the previously discussed machine metaphor that has been put forth byMorgan in 1997. The current model gives specific structural arrangements and administrativeactivities that are focused upon attainment of goals and objectives of the orgnaisation (Burrelland Morgan 2017). The suggestions that are given by this model talks about how to effectivelycoordinate and control manual human labour.Weber’s theory of rational bureaucracy is one of the biggest influences on organisationaltheories and management practices. He identified six central elements in bureaucracy, which are:a clearly defined idea about the division of labour and authority, a sense of a prevailing hierarchywithin the organisation, well defined and written guidelines which lay down the criteria forperformances, recruitment criteria, office holdings on vocational courses, and, duties of differentpositions (Mori 2017). These elements defined by Weber help a bureaucratic organisation todecide how to recruit, distribute and control the human resources that are available.Weber also suggests several characteristics that the organisation should be possessing:the organisation should have clearly defined goals which can be achieved through a formalstructure; efficiency has to be enhanced through following the organisational policies;organisational behaviour, both within the company and the industry, should be shaped by theformal structure (Burrell and Morgan 2017).