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Organizational behavior and leadership PDF

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Running head:ORGANISATIONAL BEHAVIOUR AND LEADERSHIP1
Organizational Behavior and Leadership
Student’s Name
Institution
Date:
ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR AND LEADERSHIP2
Question 1
Part 1
Great leaders can inspire change; Bad leaders can paralyze their followers with stress and
frustration. What differentiates these two is a clear vision, an effective plan and knowledge of
how people work (Ashforth, et al 2013). Organizational behavior arises thanks to
communication, as it can be dismantled in parts to understand human behavior within an
organization, where everything obeys the way information is communicated and assimilated
within the organization. Organizational behavior is defined as an academic discipline that
deals with describing, controlling, predicting and understanding human behavior within an
organizational environment. When applied to individuals within an organization, it includes
norms, values, exceptions and attitudes. Managers have to give orders, they will not always
get obedience, if they do not have personal authority (leadership) (Gino, Ayal & Ariely,
2009). For example, when a direct order from the CEO is given, managers have an obligation
to enforce it, no matter if they have to remove one of their employees from their line of work
to achieve it, but it is an order and must be complied with. Likewise, they must set the
example and comply with it, to reinforce the presence of the chain of command, and the fact
that an order is not questioned, but is fulfilled. Promoting team spirit will give the
organization a sense of unity. All departments within the company must work together and
support each other when necessary, to achieve a joint venture (Robbins & Judge, 2013). One
of the contributions of the classical theory, is based on the division and specialization of
work. In this way, you can optimize the organization, structure the work and link the
procedures with that structure.
Part 2
ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR AND LEADERSHIP3
I am in production level. I am willing to balance work and people. I should be aware of my
surroundings, paying attention to the people, the mood and the cultures I work in.
Part 3
I admire Paul. Paul was a good leader because he guided Corinthians on how to live in
accordance to God’s will. He told them the truth. I believe that every leader should know
beyond the common-sense knowledge. Paul held knowledge monopoly and that is why he
was confident.
Question 2
The best organizational structure during Boeing’s development of the Dreamliner was
the adoption of tiered outsourcing model which allowed the organization to foster
partnerships with around fifty Tier-1 strategic partners whose function was to integrate the
assembling of different parts manufactured by Tier-2 and Tier-3 suppliers (Shenhar et al.,
2016). Outsourcing enabled the organization to acquire the necessary expertise in areas that
lacked proficient engineers, and also reduce costs of manufacture and meet the stipulated
timeframe. However, during the production phase, the structure should change to
accommodate make-buy decisions and cut the large-scale outsourcing (Shenhar et al., 2016).
The aim of the make-buy decisions at the final phases is to ensure that the product has been
defined and relative costs established. The approach ensures that major sub-assemblies fit
together so that cost overruns get controlled.
Restructuring a company to adapt a new paradigm is appropriate for its future because
cutting off unnecessary posts would mean an organization would realize a reduction in wage
costs. Downsizing is healthy when an enterprise has a strategic focus linked to positive
effects on share prices. Despite not realizing instant profitability, the organization will be in a
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