Organizational Behavior Article - Motivation Techniques

Added on - 15 Mar 2020

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Running head: ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOUROrganizational BehaviourName of the Student:Name of the University:Author’s Note:
1ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOURCritical ReviewThis paper reviews the article “The Effect of the Motivation Techniques Used byManagers to Increase the Productivity of their Workers and an Application” by Guclu andGuney (2017). The thesis statement of this article is that productivity of employees can beincreased by motivating them. The aim of this article is to determine the managers’ perceptionstowards their employees specifically in manufacturing facilities. The intended audience of thisarticle are managers who manage several employees and need to analyze factors that affectemployee productivity. The study is also beneficial for the scholars and practitioners who arelooking to research motivation as an impactful way to increase employee motivation andproductivity. These researchers shall be able to critically analyze factors affecting efficiency andconduct further studies to enhance organizational productivity. The authorsHaci Guclu and SalihGuney are professors in Istanbul Aydin University which is one of the most reputed educationalinstitutions. Therefore, the source of this study may be considered reliable.The title of the study clearly indicates that the study is related to motivation techniquesfor employee productivity. However, the title fails to mention that the study is linked withemployees of manufacturing employees that may be indicative of research being a general study.The abstract of this article is elaborate and detailed where a brief is provided of efficiency andmotivation techniques. Although, it is observed that the concept of efficiency and motivationcould be provided in introduction rather than the abstract. Additionally, the findings andrecommendations of the test conducted are not provided that makes it unclear for the audience. Acomplete picture of the study is not obtained through the abstract. Further, the problem of theresearch study is not clearly stated. The purpose of this study is stated while it forgets to specifythe problems that may arise if the employees are not motivated.Guclu and Guney (2017) couldhave stated the aims, objectives, research questions or hypotheses clearly. As the study does notstate any research questions or hypotheses, the specific issue or concern that shall be addressedin the research study is unclear (Graves, Sarkis and Zhu 2013).The literature of the research study involves the importance and nature of motivation andefficiency in the workplace. The literature of this study is strong as Guclu and Guney (2017)involves different theories related to motivation such asMaslow's Theory of Need Hierarchy,
2ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOURAlderfer's Erg Theory, Herzberg’s Two-Factor Theory, McClelland’s Need Theory, Vroom’sExpectancy Theory and various others. These theories are considered the most popular and mostapplied in every organization. However, every theory could be diagrammatically represented thatwould help in better understanding of the audience. Additionally, a conceptual framework couldbe added where motivation and efficiency can be represented in the form of figure. It would helpin better understanding of the study including theories, beliefs and factors which are a part ofresearch design (Gupta and Shaw 2014).The study conducted byChen et al. (2015) links perceived health support and employeeproductivity. This research article needs to establish the importance of monetary and non-monetary factors affecting motivation level of the employees. It is argued that provision of jobincentives can contribute to social and physical factors thereby influencing employee motivation(Patro 2015). It is argued that motivation has a strong influence over staff outcomes and jobsatisfaction. The theories need to be determined for job satisfaction and employee commitmentlevels. Recommendations such as conducting training sessions, hiking salary, providing bonusesand recognizing employees in the organization can be provided (Kumar and Babu 2015).The research methodology adopted byGuclu and Guney (2017) to conduct the researchstudy is survey. As the population was too big, 229 people were selected as the sample sizeworking inÇerkezköy Organized Industrial Site. The design is appropriate for the study asquantitative analysis is suitable for conducting research study in a large population. The samplesize is sufficient for the purpose of study, i.e. motivation affecting efficiency of the employees.The data findings of this study is clearly represented in the form of tables that helps differentiatethe responses gathered from people of different age groups, educational background and otherdemographics.Guclu and Guney (2017) specifies the data collection and analysis methods thatare the strongest parts of the research article. The results of the article are stated using differentmethods of analysis such as Cronbach’s alpha andKruskal-Wallis Test. Cronbach’s alpha is atest used for measuring internal consistency. It is considered to be a measure of scale reliability.Kruskal-Wallis test helps in measuring validity and reliability of the research study. Therefore,the test results of this research study are reliable and valid as significant tests are conducted. Theanalysis for the research study is in alignment with motivation level and efficiency of theemployees. A clear link between motivation and employee productivity is established. The
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