Organizational Behavior Assignment Essay

Added on - 16 May 2020

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Running head: ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOROrganizational BehaviorName of the Student:Name of the University:Authors Note:
1ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIORThe essay aims at focusing on the organizational behavior in the perspective of anorganizational setting. Organizational Behavior refers to the study of the behavior of people bothat an individual level and within formal and informal groups. The performance of everyorganization depends on the motivational level of its employees and the ability and willingnessof people in working harmoniously toward a common goal. In other words, organizationalbehavior acts as an interface between organization and human behavior. Each individualcontributes unique set of characteristics, personal background and experiences that they havegathered in other organizations. Manager must consider the unique aspect of individuals and putthem forward in a work setting. The essay put forward discussion on the various theories oforganizational behavior in an organizational setting. The essay also evaluates organizationalproblem situations and discusses the proactive managerial intervention based on cultural, ethicaland social concern. The essay also focuses on comparing and criticizing the findings on thecurrent developments of organizational behavior.There are various theories of organizational behavior that can be appliedorganizational setting. This theory includes classical organization theory, neo classicalorganization theory, contingency theory and the systems theory (Gagné, Sharmaand DeMassis2014). Classical theory represents a combination of scientific management theory,administrative theory and the bureaucratic theory. The scientific management theory representedfour basic principles. This includes the best way of performing the task, carefully matching eachworker to each task, closely supervising workers and using punishment and reward as motivatorsand ensures control and planning. The theory of scientific management proved successful not inindustrialized companies but also in modernized companies. The administrative theory focusedon the establishment of universal management principles that is applicable to most organizations.The classical theory on the other hand is mechanistic and rigid. However, the major deficiency ofthis theory was the explanation of the motivation of the people in working strictly as functions ofeconomic reward (Miner2015).The neoclassical organization theory tried to address many problems that were inherent tothe classical theory. This theory helps in displaying genuine concern for the needs of the humanbeings. According to the neoclassical organization theory, organization is defined as a systemthat helps in consciously coordinating activities (Young et al. 2014). This theory also stresses on
2ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIORthe role of executive in creating a cohesive environment. As per this, theory, the managersauthority defined by the acceptance of the subordinates and not by the hierarchical powerstructure of any organization.The Contingency Theory aims at focusing on the fact that conflict is manageable butinescapable (Battilanaand Casciaro2012). A study on four large corporations of United Statesproposed that organization would evolve naturally for meeting the needs of the strategyimplemented. An organization however acts in a linear, sequential and rational manner foradapting to the environmental changes. Highly volatile organizations stresses on the importanceof managers for making decisions at all the authority level. According to this theory, managersneed to be free for making contingent decisions on the present situations.The Systems theory puts across the fact that there is an interrelation between allcomponents of an organization and hence the change of a single variable might directly influencethe others (Curtain and Zwart 2012). Most organizations are open systems that encouragecontinuous interaction. However, as the organization adapt to environmental changes theyremain in a dynamic equilibrium state. The system theory has a central theme that representsexistence of non-linear relationships between variables. Thus, smaller changes in one of thevariable lead to bigger changes in another. The nonlinearity concept adds complexity to theunderstanding of an organization. This nonlinearity makes it difficult in understanding therelationships between the variables.There are various issues and dilemmas in an organizational setting. and it rangesfrom simple disagreement to most complicated issues that influence the bottom line in a negativeway. Understanding various problems in workplace helps in identifying and correcting them.Internal conflict is one the problem situations in an organization. Internal conflict may take placebecause of various reasons (Fordand Richardson2013). These include denial of promotion or payhike, misunderstandings resulting from lack of proper communication, harassment by managers,supervisors or peers.Problem situations in organization might result in ethical issues. Theseincludes, price breaks and discounts beyond the company practice and policy, unfair practicesand employee theft. Team Dynamics also plays a major role in breaking or making a project orinitiative of the business. The members of the team may try in promoting own agenda or takecredibility for the work done by the other team members. Teamwork also ensures challenges in
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