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Organizational Behaviour Assignment (pdf)

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Organizational Behaviour
Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................4LO1..................................................................................................................................................4P1. Analysis of organizational culture, politics and power influence on individual and teambehaviour and performance.........................................................................................................4LO2..................................................................................................................................................7P2 Process theories of motivation and motivational techniques enable effective achievementsof goals in A David Co Limited.................................................................................................7LO3.................................................................................................................................................9P3Effective team opposed to an ineffective team.......................................................................9M3............................................................................................................................................10LO 4...............................................................................................................................................12P.4. Concepts and philosophies of organizational behaviour...................................................12D2..............................................................................................................................................15CONCLUSION..............................................................................................................................15REFERENCES..............................................................................................................................16
INTRODUCTIONOrganisational behaviour is directly concerned with the prediction, control of humanbehaviour and understanding in the organisation. It is a study for both the individual performanceand activity within the organisation. A David company limited provide production anddistribution of fruits and vegetables. The company offers full range of fresh fruits, vegetables,exotic produce, ready prepared products and bakery items and it delivers in the daily basis tohotels, restaurants etc. This report will study on the culture, power, politics and influenceindividuals of organisation and it also influences the team behaviour and performance. Theexplantation of the theories' and techniques of motivation for achieving the goals.Itwill explainthe team factors and Tuckman theory of the team development.This will describeall thephilosophies of the organisation.LO1P1. Analysis of organizational culture, politics and power influence on individual and teambehaviour and performance.Organizational culture consists of set of beliefs, assumptions, values, principles, custom,tradition, attitude, personality. Every person in the organization is different with distinct set ofbeliefs and personality. Implementation of healthy and positive organizational culture at A David& Co. Ltd increases productivity and performance of employees.Charles Handy's developed a model called “Handy's organizational culture” whichevaluates individual and team behaviour and performance with four culture theory which mainlyconsist of power culture, role culture, task culture and person culture (Taylor, 2018).
Power culture:The power of taking decisions is concentrated to only few people in theorganization with defined set of rules implemented by top level management which are to befollowed by employees. Major disadvantage of this culture is that employees of the organizationhas to work in accordance with the power holders.Role culture:This types of organizational culture mainly focus on the job role throughclearly guided set of rules and responsibilities. Employees are delegated with set ofresponsibilities according to their capability and specialization. This helps in better coordinationand standardization at workplace.Drawback of this theory is that employees cannot adapt tochange which limit them for growing in changing environment.Task culture:This culture is oriented to accomplish the job or project they have beenassigned effectively and efficiently. Employees of A David & Co. Ltd aims at using appropriateresources and work in coordination with improved operational efficiency. They have theflexibility to take appropriate decisions in cooperation with each department of organization.Themajor challenge faced is that control is difficult in such organizational culture which lowers theproductivity of employees.Person culture:This culture aims at satisfying needs of individuals in the organization.Every member in the organization is valuable who work together to achieve organizational goal.Illustration1: Handy's Model of organizational cultureSource:Handy Model of Organisational Culture, 2019
Healthy organizational culture increases productivity, marketability and builds relation betweenemployer and employee. The major drawback of person culture is that there is no particularstructure and creates a cluster in organization.A David & Co. Ltd focuses on implementing task culture in an organization which helpsmedium based company to achieve goals and objectives effectively which enhances productivityof the organization. This types of culture are very flexible and adaptable which motivatesemployee to increase productivity of the organization by accomplishing desired task assigned tothem. Employee of the organization work in coordination in the most efficient manner toincrease operational efficiency. This culture influences individual and team behaviour andperformance by accomplishing job assigned to the individuals in a timely manner. This culturealso increases productivity and performance at workplace by systematically addressing problemsin the organization and finding necessary solution to the problem. Team members andindividuals in the organization have power to take decisions and work in higher coordinationwhich ultimately benefit company in achieving organization objectives. David and companyaims at bringing together prospective and skilled workers at job and guide them to achieve taskefficiently. Experts in the organization who has high degree of experience and knowledge leadindividual and team to increase performance in orderly manner (Elsmore, 2017).Political and Power play a critical role in an organization which helps influencebehaviour of people in the organization to achieve operational efficiency. There are severalpolitics in the organization like praising and blaming employees, manipulation, etc. Political andpower takes place at all levels in the organization. David & company focuses on rewardingemployees of the organization which enhances performance of individual. Appraising employeeswith rewards like bonus, incentives, salary increment, promotion, recognition, ownership andadditional coverage benefits to boost up motivation of employees and to retain productiveemployees in organization.Organizational culture in the organization increases performance and productivity of theorganization which help achieve goals and objectives of company. It builds a positive workingenvironment where employees work in unity which helps build a sense of understanding amongpeople for higher operational efficiency.Politics and power are of greater significance in any organization which increasesproductivity and performance of individual and team in David & Co. Types of power in
organization are legitimate power, referral power, expert power, referent power, coercive powerand reward power. Legitimate power is a position individual holds which helps employees tocomplete desired task on time. Expert power is possessed from skilful knowledge and expertisein specific area which enhances performance of organization. Reward power like salary,incentives, bonus arises from individuals’ capability.There is various organizational culture conflict because of the differences inorganizational culture. There are different beliefs and values which leads to rise in differencesbetween people which hinders the performance of work and productivity at workplace.Organizational culture plays a critical role in shaping organizational structure. It isimportant for an organization to create brand image and helps in success of organization. Itbuilds a sense of commitment and emotional attachment in company and direct them to work in acommon direction to achieve organizational goal and objective.Politics and power are interrelated with each other which influences the working of theorganization and helps in taking strategic decisions to achieve goals and objective of David &Co.Politicking is an activity performed by individuals in the organization to play politics in theorganization to gain useful information which are beneficial for decision making operationalefficiency. The root cause of politics is the issue of manipulation in the organization to removethe competitor or reduce the power for better productivity.Politicking in the organization reduces the working efficiency of the employees as theyare distracted and this do not let them focus on their work. Instead this also helps improveoperational efficiency of the company by reducing competition and maintaining competitivemarket edge in the market and also achieve goals of A David & Co.LO2P2 Process theories of motivation and motivational techniques enable effective achievements ofgoals in A David Co LimitedThe process theories of motivation: -Motivation is a process which is derived from the 'motive' word and referred to the wants,drives, needs and desires within the individuals. It is a way to accomplish the goal by stimulatingthe employees from their actions. Motivation in the A David company limited is so muchimportant because it gives them desire to achieve goals and employees give the best performance
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