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Ottoman and The British - Influence on 1948 war

Added on - 04 Jul 2022

This document discusses the Ottoman and the British, the influence on the 1948 war, and How the Rise of Labor Zionism in the 1920s changed the Dynamics. The British were handed a double mandate or led to acting both in the interests of multilateralism and the people of Palestine. The Mandate for Palestine's prologue and second clause references the Balfour Declaration.

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Ottoman and the British
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Ottoman and the British
Introduction
Palestine was a component of Ottoman Syria before British rule. Up to the first of July
1920, Palestine was governed by British troops. At the San Remo Conference, Britain was given
the authority for Palestine on April 25, 1920. The League of Nations recognized this authority on
July 24, 1922. The British were handed a double mandate or led to acting both in the interests of
multilateralism and the people of Palestine. The Mandate for Palestine's prologue and second
clause references the Balfour Declaration. Thus, Britain had a "dual commitment" to Jews and
Arabs. Under other treaties, they had struck with their partners, the British set the boundaries of
Palestine. For instance, in appreciation for his assistance during the battle, they gave Abdullah
ibn Husayn of the Hashemite monarchy dominion over the eastern side of the Jordan River and
made him king.
The Influence on the 1948 War
The turning point in the contemporary history of the Palestinians was the first Arab-
Israeli conflict in 1948. The 1948 loss, often known as the Nakba, had a massive effect on
Palestinians since it changed Palestine and Palestinian heritage in several ways (Mahamid,
2020). No meaningful examination of Palestinian life today can be finished without knowledge
of the impacts of 1948. In terms of material destruction, the 1948 Nakba displaced nearly half of
the Arab population of Palestine as squatters, essentially destroying the Arab industry in
Palestine and leaving scores of communities empty.
When Israel forbade the refugees from going home, they were left to improve their
homes in the diaspora as most significant they would do as Palestine's landscape underwent a
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profound spatial shift that almost eliminated the Arab identity of the country itself and
demolished their communities (Mahamid, 2020). Politically, the conflict not only prevented
them from achieving the statehood envisaged by UN Resolution 181 of 1947, but it also resulted
in a change in leadership, the effects of which can still be seen in Palestinian current politics.
Furthermore, the 1948 legacy continues to influence the contours of Palestinian cultural and
scientific life, significantly impacting Palestinian political life.
The war and the flow of refugees fundamentally altered Palestinian spatial reality. The
refugees abandoned many communities; Israeli authorities ultimately razed these villages. Only
81 Palestinian towns survived Israel unscathed. Previously Palestinian and Jewish communities
in Israel became predominantly Jewish cities with tiny Palestinian communities after 1948.
Nazareth, the only Palestinian city in Israel, has a sizable Palestinian community. But the West
Bank and Gaza nonetheless retained their Arab identity.
Key Dates
In what is now Turkey, the Ottoman Empire first appeared in the 1300s. The Ottomans
seize the Arab territories between 1516 and 1517 (Pugh, 2019). Islam is one of the critical factors
gluing the various kingdom with each other. In actuality, the edicts of the sultan and Islamic law
are the sources of Ottoman law. However, the once-dominant Ottoman Empire begins to decline
in strength in the 1700s and 1800s. United Kingdom, France, and the Soviet Union started
meddling in the Ottoman Empire's territory and Egypt's quest to capture new lands.
The primarily upper-class Young Turk organization takes a stand out of worry for the
further concentration of power beneath Sultan Abdul Hamit and conviction that the Ottoman
Empire would perish due to the rising economic impact of foreign nations. The group's fugitive
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As a result of the First World War, the British Mandate over Palestine reflected the fall of pre-war kingdoms and the rise of states calling for self-determination. The artificial divisions implemented by the battle's winners still represent and impact the Middle East as it is today. The Land was split into four divisions after the Ottoman invasion in 1517, linked legally to the region of Damascus, and controlled by Istanbul.