Oxidative Stress in Type 2 Diabetic Patient Assignment

Added on - 21 Apr 2020

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Running Head:OXIDATIVE STRESS IN TYPE 2 DIABETIC PATIENTOxidative stress in type 2 diabetic patientName of the StudentName of the UniversityAuthor Note
1OXIDATIVE STRESS IN TYPE 2 DIABETIC PATIENTTable of ContentsLiterature review..................................................................................................................2Research questions...............................................................................................................3Methods...............................................................................................................................4Importance, relevance and impact.......................................................................................7Conclusion...........................................................................................................................8References............................................................................................................................9
2OXIDATIVE STRESS IN TYPE 2 DIABETIC PATIENTTitle- To evaluate the effect of yoga on elderly subjects with type 2 diabetes havinghigh oxidative stressLiterature reviewThere is a high prevalence of type 2 diabetes in Jordan, and the incidence of the illness isincreasing. Not only in Jordan but across the world there is an increasing prevalence of diabetes(Cadier et al. 2017). As per the InternationalDiabetesFederation reports in 2015 there weremore than 400 million people diagnosed with diabetes. According to the World Health Report,90% of the people with diabetes have type 2 form. It caused an estimated 1.5 million deaths in2012. The incidence of death is increasing in low and middle-income countries. It is estimatedthe deaths due to type diabetes in the world may double by 2030 (World Health Organization2016). The comorbidities associated with the illness such as heart diseases, hypertension,amputations, mental health problems and skin issues, can be delayed or prevented. Therefore,there is a need for preventive measure.It is found in majority of cases that diabetes is associated with sedentary lifestyle. As perthe recent literature, the major risk factor of the type 2 diabetes is the lack of physical activity.For obese individuals and overweight individuals weight loss is recommended. Physicalinterventions like exercise and corresponding changes in weight result in fitness, improvedglycemic control, and offset of other complicationstype 2 diabetes mellitusand reduce thecardiovascular risk factors (Mendham et al. 2015). Exercises like yoga appear to be beneficial inthe management of type 2 diabetes. As per the study by Chimkode et al. (2015), yoga is effectivein the patients with the type 2 diabetes, in reducing the blood glucose levels. Yoga is theinexpensive lifestyle intervention that can be easily implemented as low cost strategy in the
3OXIDATIVE STRESS IN TYPE 2 DIABETIC PATIENTdeveloping country. It can be considered an economical adjuvant and a beneficial method tomanage type 2 diabetes. Yoga is the mind-body practice that includesbreathing exercises,meditation, and physical postures. It had been found to have a different effect on hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal response, and it has different effect on the sympathetic nervous system as well.Few studies have reported that yoga can be useful mechanism to manage the oxidative stress andblood glucose in type 2 diabetes (Muthuselvi et al. 2017).Oxidative stress is associated with type 2 diabetes. Increased oxidative stress and ageingare known to be a contributory factor of complications in type 2 diabetes mellitus (Stadler 2013).Therefore the present study is focused on determining the effect of yoga on oxidative stress,where the intervention will be tested for the changes in blood pressure, BMI, and the glycemicstatus. The rationale for choosing this intervention is the cost effectiveness. It is an effectivemethod for the people having sedentary lifestyle as it will increase the effectiveness of thediabetes treatment as evident from literature review that there are a lot of health benefits ofYoga. However, there are few studies that determined the effect of yoga on the oxidative stressin elder patients. The rationale for choosing the older patients with type 2 diabetes is the highlevel of oxidative stress with ageing (Butterfield et al. 2014).Research questionsIs yoga effective therapy for reducing oxidative stress, BMI and blood pressure intype 2 diabetes elderly patients?Is yoga beneficial for improving the antioxidant potentialin the aged patients withtype 2 diabetes?
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