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P1IntroductionIn this task I will be discussing the following technologies in the context of e-commerce,such as hardware, software and networking. I will be investigating 3 different websites andanalyse and compare the performance of each website by using Pingdom. Lastly, I will bedemonstrating how to purchase a domain name for Urban.HardwareWeb server and specifications-Web Servers are essentially computers that bring webpages. All web servers have an IP Address and may have a domain name. An example of thefunction of a web server is to enter a URL http://www.google.com in a browser; this wouldrequest the web server whose domain would be google.com. The server would then obtainthe page with that name and send it to the browser of the user. The most common webserver is the Apache web server with a large 33.6% of market shares ofall web servers on the internet.Monitor-Another term for display screen. The term monitor, typicallyrefers to the whole box, whereas the display screen means just thescreen. In addition, the term monitor often suggests graphicscapabilities. A monitor, no matter the type, usually connects to eitheran HDMI, DVI, or VGA port.Keyboard-Certain users navigate through the internet using thekeyboard rather than the mouse. Some users with certaindisabilities have no choice but to use the keyboard. For example,people with a motor impairment have difficulty with the finemotor movements required for using a mouse; blind users rely onassistive technology such as screen readers and can’t see where toclick the mouse.Mouse-The mouse is how the client controls what happens and theprimary strategy for control is the mouse. Typically, in the office, astandard 102 key, two catch mouse is used. Also, WIMP (windows,icons, menus, pointer) is commonly used to maximise usability.Modem-A modem connects the computer to the outside world.They are given by ISP (Internet service production) at which a client joins yet might beobtained. They impart in the dialect sent by the client to the ISP and give in open line ofcorrespondence once the client has been checked.Network card-A network interface card (NIC) is a circuit board that youplace into your computer so the computer can be linked to a network.Most network interface cards are intended for an exact type of network,protocol and media. Some network interface cards can serve numerousnetworks.
P1SoftwareServer software-Server software is essentially software which is used by web designers toadd more web pages to their web sites with ease. Without the software it would be difficulttrying to add another web page to an already made website. The software works through aprocedure known as FTP (file transfer protocol) this procedure uploads web pages straightonto a website without any difficulty.Web browser-A web browser is a software application on computers which is used tolocate, recover and display content on the internet which includes images, videos, webpages and other files. As a client model, the browser is the client run on a computer thatcontacts the web server and requests information. The web server directs information backto the web browser and which then displays the results on the computer or other deviceswhich is enabled to use internet and supports a browser.Web creation tools-These tools make it likely for more people to generate web pagesbecause they shorten the process of making it less problematic. This results in anybodybeing able to do this, whether or not they are IT experts. As a result of this, some people saythat this has helped the internet, whereas others say it has hindered it, this is due to thequality of content on the internet. The two biggest web design tools are AdobeDreamweaver and Microsoft Office.Database creation tools-Usually, e-commerce websites have a database back-end storingthe catalogue of products, customer records and other business information. It is significantthat this database is related to the website smoothly, so the user does not realise. A numberof organisations allow the creation of their website to be known, however they hold controlof the content of the database, which means that if any alterations are required, such asprice changes, only the database needs altering and only the organisation can do this.NetworkingPorts/protocols-A port is software that aids a communications endpoint In a computer’s host operating system. A port is typically linked with the Internet protocoladdress of the host as well as the type of protocol that is used for communication. A port isidentified by each address and protocol by a 16-bit number, commonly known as the portnumber. In networking, a protocol is the distinct set of rules in networking andcommunication between telecommunication devices. A protocol controls the following: thetype of error checking which will be used and how the sending device will indicate that ithas finished sending a message.TCP/IP-Computers need to use the same protocol, as this helps two computerscomprehend the data conveyed between them. Each computer is given a unique number, inorder to make sure the data arrives at the correct location on a network. This is called an IPaddress. It has a set of four numbers each from 0-255. There are some default ports, forexample, port 25 is typically used for email and port 80 is mostly used for the internet,although these can be changed.