Ask a question to Desklib · AI bot


Packaging and Material Handling Lesson

10 Pages2012 Words88 Views

Added on  2019-09-21

About This Document

This lesson covers the fundamentals of packaging, including its functions and labeling, as well as issues such as environmental protection and packaging inefficiencies. It also covers unit loads, materials handling principles and equipment, and hazardous materials. The lesson is relevant for students studying logistics, supply chain management, and related fields.
BookmarkShareRelated Documents
Packaging and Material Handling LessonPackaging and Materials HandlingWhat’s Included:Review: This moduleLearning Objectives:To know how product features affect packaging and materials handlingTo familiarize you with packaging fundamentals such as packaging functions and labelingTo appreciate select issues that affect packaging such as environmental protection and packaging inefficienciesTo learn about unit loads and the unit load platformTo identify materials handling principles and materials handling equipmentPresentations: Power Point Presentation or video provides overview of this week's material and helps you understand the terms and theories in graphic representations.Read:Lecture Notes and eReadingsProduct CharacteristicsPhysical Characteristics1Substance form (solid, liquid, and gas)2Density of bulk materials3Ability to withstand exposure to elements4Respiration1Chemical CharacteristicsIncompatible productsProducts requiring chemicals2
Packaging and Material Handling Lesson_1
Characteristics must be made known to consumers3Packaging FundamentalsBuilding-blocks conceptThe building-block concept is a key factor in unit loads. Building blocks have certain dimensions that allow them to stack or load on a pallet or similar piece of equipment. The building-blocks hierarchy is important to remember because each of the different building blocks is inside another and their total effect must be to protect the product. They functionin a complementary sense.Smallest unit is consumer packageEach unit is stocked within the next larger one to protect the product4Packaging refers to materials used for the containment, protection, handling, delivery, and presentation of goods5Serves three general functionsTo promoteTo protectTo identify (label) the relevant productThe three general functions of packaging may come into conflictwhen say for example, although from a retailing perspective it might be desirable to have an attractive promotional message on the outside of a box, when this box is in a warehouse the same message might make it easier for a thief to determine quickly which boxes contain the most valuable items.Promotional and Protective Functions of PackagingProtective functions of packagingEnclose materialsRestrain materials from undesired movementSeparate contents to prevent undesired contactCushion contents from outside vibrations and shocksSupport the weight of identical containers stacked
Packaging and Material Handling Lesson_2
abovePosition the contents to provide maximum protectionProvide for uniform weight distributionProvide exterior surface for labelingBe tamperproofBe safe for consumers or othersA thoughtful examination of the 10 functions would suggest thatnot every function is applicable to every package. For example, tampering tends to be more important with food and drugs than with, say, paper products. In addition, separation of the contents to prevent undesired contact is likely more important with fragile items such as glassware.Package Testing and MonitoringA package system requires 3 types of information to designSeverity of the distribution environmentFragility of the productPerformance characteristics of various cushion materialsVarious packaging material manufacturers and trade organizations provide free package testing that attempts to duplicate shipping hazards such as vibration, dropping, compression, and rough handling, among others. Actual monitoring of the environment the package must pass through can be done by enclosing recording devices within cartons of the products that are shipped. More sophisticateddevices record over time a series of variables, such as temperature, humidity, and acceleration force and duration.Package testingVibrationsDroppingHorizontal impactsCompressionOverexposure to extreme temperatures or moistureRough handling
Packaging and Material Handling Lesson_3

Found this document preview useful?

Related Documents
Food Fundamentals - Assignment