Packaging and Material Handling Lesson.

Added on - Sep 2019

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Packaging and Material Handling LessonPackaging and Materials HandlingWhat’s Included:Review:This moduleLearning Objectives:To know how product features affect packaging and materials handlingTo familiarize you with packaging fundamentals such as packaging functions andlabelingTo appreciate select issues that affect packaging such as environmental protectionand packaging inefficienciesTo learn about unit loads and the unit load platformTo identify materials handling principles and materials handling equipmentPresentations:Power Point Presentation or video provides overview of this week'smaterial and helps you understand the terms and theories in graphic representations.Read:Lecture Notes and eReadingsProduct CharacteristicsPhysical Characteristics1Substance form (solid, liquid, and gas)2Density of bulk materials3Ability to withstand exposure to elements4Respiration1Chemical CharacteristicsIncompatible productsProducts requiring chemicals2
Characteristics must be made known to consumers3Packaging FundamentalsBuilding-blocks conceptThe building-block concept is a key factor in unit loads.Building blocks have certain dimensions that allow them tostack or load on a pallet or similar piece of equipment. Thebuilding-blocks hierarchy is important to remember becauseeach of the different building blocks is inside another andtheir total effect must be to protect the product. They functionin a complementary sense.Smallest unit is consumer packageEach unit is stocked within the next larger one to protectthe product4Packagingrefers to materials used for the containment, protection,handling, delivery, and presentation of goods5Serves three general functionsTo promoteTo protectTo identify (label) the relevant productThe three general functions of packaging may come into conflictwhen say for example, although from a retailing perspectiveit might be desirable to have an attractive promotionalmessage on the outside of a box, when this box is in awarehouse the same message might make it easier for athief to determine quickly which boxes contain the mostvaluable items.Promotional and ProtectiveFunctions of PackagingProtective functions of packagingEnclose materialsRestrain materials from undesired movementSeparate contents to prevent undesired contactCushion contents from outside vibrations and shocksSupport the weight of identical containers stacked
abovePosition the contents to provide maximum protectionProvide for uniform weight distributionProvide exterior surface for labelingBe tamperproofBe safe for consumers or othersA thoughtful examination of the 10 functions would suggest thatnot every function is applicable to every package.Forexample, tampering tends to be more important with foodand drugs than with, say, paper products.In addition,separation of the contents to prevent undesired contact islikely more important with fragile items such as glassware.Package Testing and MonitoringA package system requires 3 types of information to designSeverity of the distribution environmentFragility of the productPerformance characteristics of various cushionmaterialsVarious packaging material manufacturers and tradeorganizations provide free package testing that attempts toduplicate shipping hazards such as vibration, dropping,compression, and rough handling, among others.Actualmonitoring of the environment the package must passthrough can be done by enclosing recording devices withincartons of the products that are shipped.More sophisticateddevices record over time a series of variables, such astemperature, humidity, and acceleration force and duration.Package testingVibrationsDroppingHorizontal impactsCompressionOverexposure to extreme temperatures or moistureRough handling
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