Paper on Criminal Justice Theories

Added on - 16 May 2020

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Running head: CRIMINAL JUSTICE1Criminal JusticeName:Institution:Date:
CRIMINAL JUSTICE2Criminal justice theoriesCriminology theories provide an empirical insight into the factors that are important toexplain crime and delinquency. The theory in focus in this paper is the labelling theory. Thistheory was among the first criminology theories to address both criminality aspect by anindividual and the impact of societal reaction on criminal behaviours(Davies, Croall &Tyrer, 2010). For a behavior or action to be considered a crime there must be laws in place.For example, during the prohibition era, it was illegal to associate yourself with anything thatinvolves alcohol. This included possessing, manufacturing or distribution of alcohol.Individuals who possessed, manufactured or distributed alcohol were deemed to becriminals . Labelling theorists suggests that a complete picture of deviance or crime cannot beattained just examining the individuals committing the crime and their characteristics(Haugen & Musser, 2009).It is common to think that when we refer to a theory in Criminology, it seeks to explain thecauses of crime by exploring factors and actions of the individual who is considered guilty ofthis. Nothing is further from reality, the theory of labeling explains how the social reaction isthat which labels someone as a criminal and not the criminal act itself. The labeling theoryexplains how the community classifies who is not a delinquent and who is a delinquent.Today the theory does not have the same prominence as in the years 1960’s and 70’s(Inciardi,2010). This theory uses two concepts that are very interesting which relate to deviation ,which are the reaction of the society and lkabelling as a delinquent. This are primary andsecondary deviation. The society expresses displeasure on a criminal and puts a label on theperson who commits it. The process by which a subject is labeled is simple, with oneexample is enough to understand how this works. The same theory states that we areconditioned by social reaction and act accordingly. Therefore, if society puts a certain label, itis most likely that we act in that way(Merino, 2013).
CRIMINAL JUSTICE3HypothesisCan the character of a person determine if they are criminals?Research designIn research design, various strategies were used to integrate the components of the study in alogical and coherent way. A questionnaire was used to collect the data in which populationdemographics was used to make the research in relation to crime. The questionnaires haddifferent questions that were based on having people to get the population design(Merino,2013).QuestionnaireGeneralinformation1.Whichse(gender)areyourepresenting?..................................................2.Number of years servingoftherespondent............................3.Are you gang affiliated?Yes()No.()Others-Specify.....................................................................4.Number of inner city Hispanics that are in criminal activities ...................5.Why are young men being involved in criminal activities?.............................................................................................6.Whatisthepercentagepopulationthat is being involved in crime?
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