Person Centred Theories - PDF

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INTEGRATING PERSON
CENTRED APPROACHES TO
COUNSELLING
Table of Contents
INTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1
MAIN BODY...................................................................................................................................1
CONCLUSION................................................................................................................................8
REFERENCES................................................................................................................................9
Books and Journals..........................................................................................................................9
INTRODUCTION
Integrating person centric approaches to counselling is an aspect which assists the
counsellor in setting appropriate inclusion measures during session. Approaches act as a helping
hand to the individual who is focused on understanding issues of specific client. Counselling is
the profession where it is important for the assessor to implement use of Person Centred Theories
(PCT), models and methods. The report will outline core conditions which can assist in relating
to PCT. Thus, focus on study will be on identifying differentiation in between different levels of
competencies which assist the counsellor in sessions.
MAIN BODY
Person centred theory
Person centred theory plays a crucial role in counselling and therapy session that was
developed in the 1940s. The focus of theory is on ethical values wherecounsellor aims at
valuing people in order to enable dignity and respect toindividual. It is the basic practice of
session in which the assessor aims at supporting individual beliefs, preferences and cultural
values (Person-Centered Theory,2010). However, it is essential for the counsellor to analyse
client’s life experience before starting session. The prior discussion about different situation of
life helpsperson in developing understanding over present situation of individual. Further,
understanding relationships of person is another crucial aspect of discussion which aims at
evaluating initiatives which are needed to be planned for the client (Cooper, O'Hara and Bohart,
2013)
The understanding over relationship is focused on core conditions of case which needs to
be addressed for serving client satisfaction. In addition, environment of client plays an important
role in counselling session as it helps in analysing the situation from which the person comes.
Implementing PCT model helps the supervisor in developing understanding over situations and
environment of person (Person-centred therapy,2018). The theory emphasizeson health
condition, self-actualization and living condition of client.
The client who visits counsellor is in dilemma of surrounding which represent his or her
core conditions. There are numerous reasons which require counselling and therapy to deal with
certain circumstances. Skills arecrucial aspects of counselling which assist the supervisor in
understanding as per t requirement and status of mind in different conditions. It is important for
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the counsellor to be a good listener for analysing situation of person (Dwamena and et.al., 2012).
Further, it is essential for the adviser to hold knowledge over problem solving and summarizing
becauseitisthecorepartofcounsellingjob.Apartfromthis,integratingeffective
communication is a mandatory part of session as it helps in connecting with client for further
discussion.
Person centred theory is effective for counselling therapy because in this, focus of
advisers is on problems and not on the actual situation. Thishelps the person in easily
connecting with client. Further, it helps in easily resolving issue as with the help of this model,
problem is concerned with person’s requirement in accordance with circumstances. There are
numerous types of situations for which counselling has been an effective approach such as
marriage and family, career and guidance, rehabilitation as well as mental health, substance
abuse, education counselling etc. (Tolan and Cameron, 2016.). The therapy offers problem
solving approach as per the demand of counsellingsituation and that is why it is the most
effective method which is implemented by supervisor.
However, Roger PCT concept is based on self-actualisation in which the adviser is
focused on developing session in accordance with the situation and problem of client. As per the
views ofDuke, Frankel and Reis,2013, it is important for the counsellor to focus on
empowering client in order to boost their moral to overcome certain situation. In addition,
empowering client is the basic practice of therapy which aims at setting problem solving
intervention to problems of visitor. Apparently, core conditions of PCT are based onskills and
techniques of supervisor which derives their attitude and attributeat time of communication
with client.
Core Conditions
Therapist-client psychological contact
Therapist-client psychological contact is the core condition of PCT approach which
therapist focuses on analysing condition of visitor. It is based on the perception of supervisor on
discussion. This relationship among two persons cannot be assumed and therefore, it is important
for the person to communication with others on the problems and different situations. The core
aspects of relationship are respect and dignity offered by therapist to client. Valuing of one's
beliefs and values is the part of discussion which helps in enabling comfortable environment for
supervisor and visitor (Holmström and Röing, 2010). However, in this, focus of counsellor in on
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