Philosophic Worldwide of the Golden Age of Athens
Added on - 21 Apr 2020
Running head: PHILOSOPHIC WORLDVIEW OF THE GOLDEN AGE OF ATHENSPHILOSOPHIC WORLDVIEW OF THE GOLDEN AGE OF ATHENSName of the StudentName of the UniversityAuthor note
PHILOSOPHIC WORLDVIEW OF THE GOLDEN AGE OF ATHENS1Question 1.The Western intellectuals preceding Socrates and belonging to the c. 469- c. to 399 BCEare termed as Pre-Socratic philosophers. However, there are some intellectuals like Protagoras(c. 490-c. 420 B.C.E) who are roughly contemporary with Socrates (Sayre). According to them,the term “Philosophy” denotes somewhat anachronistic and is undoubtedly different from thecontemporary view of the term.Thales of Miletus, an ancient Greek philosopher had an immense influence on thephilosophical views of Aristotle who considered Thales as his primary source of scientific andphilosophic views. The “father of philosophy” Thales who for the first time discovered themetaphysical views in the Western tradition said that metaphysical reality is the nullification ofall natural and real concerns and it lies far beyond the world of appearances and reality (Sayre).Thales proposed in his view of the metaphysics that it is the “water” that has the potentiality tonourish generation after generation and certainly the cosmos itself is nurtured by evaporation ofthe waters.Leucippus was the creator of Atomism and he was the first philosopher who confidentlyaffirmed that there would be no motion if there is no space and there exists empty space inwhatever people do.Democritus, born at Abdera was from a noble family who was immensely influenced bysome Magi that his father gave him at a young age and these Magi helped him to further work onthe theory of Leucippus. He ultimately discovered his own theory of ad infinitum, theunfeasibility of dividing things (Sayre). He also stated that all motions are the resultant of activeand passive motion.