Physiological and Nutritional Assessment of Athlete

Added on - 27 Jan 2020

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The physiological and nutritionalassessment of an athlete
TABLE OF CONTENTSINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................3PART A...........................................................................................................................................4PART B............................................................................................................................................8REREFERENCES.........................................................................................................................13
INTRODUCTIONThe scope of endurance sports is increasing and athletes associated with the same areputting the best efforts for optimizing their performance with the help of nutrition and training.The activities related to endurance exercise which last for 30 minutes or more tend to causecarbohydrate deplation and dehydration. Therefore, nutritional strategy is developed for workingmuscle through delivery of carbohydration (McArdle, Katch and Katch, 2010). The presentreport is based on Athlete Andy Galbraith; a senior lecturer in exercise physiology. The selectedathlete is keen runner and offering extensive support for varied athletes in the field of endurancerunning at different level.Further, energy system required for running along with fitnesscomponents have been described. Along with the methodology applied for the assessment is alsoexplained along with justification of results derived.The energy system applied for athletes like Andy are; the phosphagen system, Glycolysisand aerobic system. The first one is used for the purpose of transferring energy and reduce theneed of oxygen. It is the short burst intense activity supplier of energy under which productionof energy is done in quicker manner. It is relied on availability of creatine phosphate which hasvery limited supply and depletion time (McArdle, Katch and Katch, 2010). Another system ofenergy is Glycolysis system also termed as the lactate system. This is applied at the time of non-availability of enough oxygen for aerobic metabolism. For this purpose, athlete put efforts toincrease their lactate level with the adaptation during the course of endurance training. Anothersystem is of Aerobic under which protieins, carbohydrate and fates are used for the formation ofenergy. This aids to burn the fat so accordingly athlete opt strategy to produce energy forrunning.There are several fitness components used for the purpose of testing or providing thetraining for the runner. For this purpose, Body mass, height and heart rate as well as treadmilltest protocol are used. In addition to this, blood sample is taken along with Gas analysis. Thisaids to provide the right information about the athlete and assists trainer to provide the right kindof training for him (Dr. Andy Galbraith,2017).The selected athletes as Andy is 36 years old has 186.5 centimeter height and 70.4kilogram weight. He was tested on 28 march 2017 and found that his MBI kg/m2 was 20.2. The
maximum HR of his was 184 whereas steps for the rest were 1260. The duration of test was36.52.PART AMethodology and justification of the assessmentThe study is based on trainer of endurance sports who is keep runner. In this regardexperimental procedure has been applied to test Andy. For this purpose, a certain distance isdecided in advance and running test for 36 minutes was conducted. The incremental laboratorytest was conducted to determine the AT, VO2 max and vVO2 max. Furthermore, UM was usedfor determining the AT, VO2 max and vVO2 max in track. The entire test was completing induration of 36.54 minutes along with keep record related to Oxygen consumption, aerobiccapacity and Carbon Dioxide production as well as Respiratory exchange ratio. In addition tothis, pulmonary ventilation and several other aspects were also used through which it becomeseasy to test a person on the basis of mentioned scale. In addition to this, heart rate was recordedaccording to the last 30 seconds and blood lactate was also analyzed in accordance with the thetime to start stage (Zinner and Sperlich, 2016). Moreover, maximum and minimum test has beenconducted in accordance with the speed of trainer. Apart from this, information related toenvironment was also considered that temperature was 22.1 and pressure was 1011 mb alongwith 36% humidity in the weather. Application of these different aspects facilitates to identifythe information related to running economy and mechanical efficiency.Moreover, Anaerobic threshold was also used so as to determine the outstandingendurance performance. It reflects that how blood lactate increases. It aids to find theinformation that how much energy is needed in the athlete to prevail in the particular situationand beat the competition. Moreover, the ability of athlete to tolerate higher concentration oflactic aid is also determine with the help of VO2 Max A. This leads to accumulate the right kindof results and accordingly meet the purpose of research in an effective manner. Therefore, labtest has been applied and assessment of the study is done accordingly. It would be effective tounderstand the heart rate of athlete during the practice or workout (Reed and Gibbs, 2016). Also,the information related to requirement of energy will be identified along with information relatedto fat and protein. In this manner, Gas analyzer and Lab test both are applied for the purpose ofcollection right kind of information and applying the same in a most effective manner. This
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