Understanding Physiological Measurements: Assignment

Added on - Feb 2021

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PhysiologicalmeasurementsVersion 1: 2015/16This workbook is to help with understanding of Physiological measurements.1
Please answer the questions in the boxes provided.Understand relevant legislation, policy and good practice forundertaking physiological measurements.Q1. Describe current legislation, national guidelines, organisational policies andprotocols affecting work practiceCurrent LegislationsThe current legislations that affect work practices consist various acts such asEquality Act 2010, Data Protection Act 2018,Control of Substances hazardousto Health regulations 2002,Health & social care Act 2012 andThe care act2014.It also includes The Medical Devices Regulations 2002,safeguardingvulnerable group act 2006 and Mental Health Act 2007.National GuidelinesThe national guideline consist effective factors which should be considered likerespect & dignity, safety, safeguarding from abuse, drink & food, equipment &premises, complaints, good governance, duty of candour, person centred careas well asobey ethical principles (Kukolja and et. al., 2014).Organisational policies & protocolsThe policies & protocols includes clinical audit process, data qualitymanagement procedure, assessment & management of self harm action, Riskassessment, consent to treatmentlogical argument, maintenance of devicesprocedure, transfer, closure as well as discharge of medical scenarios processalong with records of health information examinationprocess.2
Understand the physiological states that can be measuredQ1. Explain the principles of blood pressure to include:-blood pressure maintenance-differentiation between systolic and diastolic blood pressure-normal limits of blood pressure-conditions of high or low blood pressureBlood pressure maintenancerefers to precautions in daily life such aseat less salty diet,maintenance of healthy body weight, improve physical exercise routine, reduce intake of alcohol,ignore smoking, maintain condition of stressintake nutritive food items,medication if requiredetc.Systolic blood pressureoccursat the time of pushing blood outside from heartwhereasdiastolicblood pressuretake place at the duration of rest of heart among beats(Nagy and et. al., 2014).Normal limits of blood pressureis known to be in between 90/60mmHg and 120/80mmHg.High blood pressureis considered around 140/90mmHg or higher whereaslow blood pressureisapproximately 90/60mmHg or lower.Q2. Explain the principles of body temperature, to include:-body temperature maintenance-normal body temperature-pyrexia, hyper-pyrexia and hypothermiaBody temperature maintenanceis carrying out a pat of brain known as hypothalamus byevaluating current temperature of body and ensure heat generation to maintain normal bodytemperature.Normal body temperatureis known to be 37°CPyrexiacan be described as a condition which raise high body temperature than normal one i.e.37°C .Hyper-pyrexiais known as situation of very high fever that is more than 41.5°C.Hypothermiarefers to a condition when body temperature falls below the safe level and it can befatal (Messerschmidtand Brown, 2015).Q3. Explain the principles of respiratory rates, to include:-normal respiratory rates-factors affecting respiratory rates in ill and well individualsThe normal respiratory rate is around 12 to 20 breathes at rest for an adult.3
There are number of components that are responsible for affecting respiratory rates in sick peoplethat includes dehydration, overdose, acidosis, heart conditions, hyperventilation, lung conditions,asthma,fever andand chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Factors that impact onrespiratory rate of well individuals like running, weight lifting, climbing stair, tracking and stress(Al-Ali,Kiani and Weber, 2016).Q4. Explain the principles of pulse rates, to include:-normal pulse rates limits-factors affecting pulse rates-raising or lowering-pulse sites on the body-the requirement for pulse oximetry-analysis and implication of pulse oximetry findings4
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