Physiology Assignment Questions

Added on - 06 Jun 2020

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Physiology Questions
TABLE OF CONTENTSBowel Cancer..............................................................................................................................3Introduction, cause, incidence and prevalence........................................................................3Risk factors and symptoms.....................................................................................................4Test and treatments................................................................................................................5Lifestyle/behavioral change.....................................................................................................6Recommended websites.........................................................................................................6REFERENCES...........................................................................................................................7
Bowel CancerIntroduction, cause, incidence and prevalenceBowel Cancer is a term which is used for cancer that begins in the large bowel. It is alsoknown as colorectal cancer. It is mainly found in large intestine and can be divided into 2 parts-:Colon cancer: This cancer develops in the colon.Rectal cancer: This is the cancer that develops in the rectum (Bethune, Brosnan andArulampalam, 2016).In this type of cancer, a large bowel or rectum can be affected. A cancer is the abnormaldevelopment of cells in the body that may have power to spread across other portions of thebody. People who are suffering from Bowel Cancer are at high risk of developing condition suchas Diarrhoea, loss of weight, blood across stool and feeling lazy all time.The actual cause of bowel cancer is still not known. But the researches that have beendone in this area to show that a number of factors are responsible to develop bowel cancer inhuman body (Burr, Hull and Subramanian, 2017).In certain parts of body, the cancer develops when the cells of the body divide andmultiplies too quickly. A lump tissue is produced in the body which is known as tumour. In mostcases of bowel cancer, there is a development of inner clumps of cells known as polyps acrossthe inside lining of the bowel. The development of polyps does not necessarily mean that onewill develop cancer. Some of these polyps’ regress and some do not change. But over a periodof time only a few of them may grow and develop into bowel cancer (Chapman, Field andLogan, 2017).Men, women, younger and older generation all can be affected by the bowel cancer. InAustralia, among the age group of 45-75 it comes in the top five causes of death and among theage group of 25-44 bowel cancer is the seventh leading cause of death among people (BowelCancer Screening program,2017). Across the globe, Australia has highest rates of bowelcancer. About 26% of people who have this cancer are either due to genetic contribution, familypast or combination of both (Cock, Evans and Collins, 2017). Another 74% people have nofamily past related to this disease and no genetic contribution. From the age of 50 the risk ofdeveloping bowel cancer increases rapidly but in Australia under the age of 50 a number ofpeople who are diagnosed with this cancer has increased rapidly.Risk factors and symptomsThe risk to bowel cancer can be increased by the number of factors which may include-:
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