PICO WORKSHEET2PICO WORKSHEETWhat is the PICO QUESTION?A well-built question which has all components of PICO is called a PICO QUESTION. It is based on evidence-based practise to obtain answers to clinical problems. PICO QUESTION- In men with Diabetes what are the chances of developing retinal detachment?Population-P-Adult malesIntervention-I-DiabetesComparator-C-Check blood sugarOutcome- O-Retinal detachmentDefine each element of the question below:P- (Patient, population, or problem): This includes the chief complaints of the patient or the primary problem. The disease from which the patient is suffering. Also, it includes age and sex of the patient.I- (Intervention): This step is most important because it is important to identify what plan we need further for the patient . It helps in selecting the diagnostic tests, therapy, medication and other recommendation to the patient. C- (Comparison with other treatment/current practice): This stage helps us determining the main alternative for the patient which we are considering. It has to be specific. O- (Desired outcome): This is the final part. In this, we have decided the plan to be followed. This must benefit the patient in eliminating the specific symptom and improving functions.
PICO WORKSHEET3What is the practice issue/problem?In nursing for us, any problem which will put the patient’s life at risk or it is anything that interferes with the standards of nursing practice, the employer guidelines or the clinical standards are the practice issue. We need to adhere to the standards of nursing while taking proper care of the patient.What is the practice area?The practise area is the main area of expertise. Nowadays there is a requirement of constant development of skills by pursuing different specialisation such as Psychiatric Nursing practice, nurse anaesthetists, labor and delivery nurse etc.Clinical practice areas- There is wide range of opportunities which we come across in clinical practice areas. These are medical services, surgical services , specialised centres and also providing emergency services. There are areas like preoperative services, hospital services and critical care services which provides a very good opportunity to learn in the clinical practice area.Administration- Administration deals with comprehensive data collection pertaining to the patient’s issue, situation and trends. It attains knowledge and competency that shows in the nursing practice. Education-In this there is the use of extensive knowledge and competency that reflects on the nursing practice. Other-There is other areas like research, resource utilisation, leadership , advocacy on which a nurse must work. How was the practice issue identified?
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