Air Pollution in UK

Added on - 18 Sep 2019

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Policy ProposalStudent[Pick the date]
ContentsIntroduction.................................................................................................................................................2The context of the issue..............................................................................................................................2Environmental issue in UK: Rise in the air pollution............................................................................2The current legislation and policies for air pollution in UK..................................................................3The proposed policy: Air pollution permitting system.................................................................................5The general actions and the principles of the policy...........................................................................5The sources that are covered in this policy:........................................................................................5The impact that the policy intends to put...........................................................................................7The parties which the policy targets....................................................................................................8The proposed actions in case of non-compliance with the actions and the principles of the policy...8The instruments used and the budget of the policy....................................................................................9Conclusion.................................................................................................................................................10References.................................................................................................................................................111
IntroductionAir pollution is a common issue in UK and to deal with this issue, the country has establishedmany policy measures, it has enacted the relevant laws and legislations too so that the issue getsresolved. Those policy initiatives have been successful to a great extent, but still there is a longway to go. Also, the causes of air pollution have also changed with time. Earlier the pollutionmany be caused by just the factories, but now, the vehicles and the fuels used in them alsocontributes to air pollution in UK to a large extent. So, accordingly, the policy must be revised ornew ones should be introduced so that the new challenges can be dealt with. In regard to this, thecurrent report aims to develop a relevant proposal for a policy to tackle the issue of air pollutionin UK. The policy will give detail on the principles, standards of establishment and theinstruments that will be used to monitor the policy initiatives. In addition to this, the policy willalso develop a strategy for the implementation of the action.The context of the issueEnvironmental issue in UK: Rise in the air pollutionWhen the level of the pollutants in the air rises, it has a direct impact on the lives of the people ofthat country. It is very important to keep the level of pollution under check because if it gets builtup, it leads to deterioration of the health as well as the generation of the anti-social behavior inpeople (Hoek, 2001. Therefore, the issue of the air pollution is quite serious and it needs to betacked at every step since the formation of the pollution till its abatement. The sources ofpollution are many and all need to be regulated so that the air pollution can be reduced. It is verydifficult to address all the sources of pollution in one single policy. So, the policy will be majorlybased on the issue of pollution that is created by the industries and the factories that are involved2
in the manufacturing and the production processes. The research and the findings have shownthat air pollution directly affects the health of the people because they start suffering fromvarious hearts and the lung diseases (Beverland, 2014). In a report published regarding the deathsof people due to air pollution, it had been mentioned that there are almost 3000 people who diedue to the infection that they develop due to the high pollution level j the air of UK (Raaschou-Nielsen, 2013). Also, when people get exposed to this pollution for a long time, their expectancyof the life gets reduced. In addition to the adverse impact on the health of the people, thedamage is also caused to the bio diversity in the country. When the harmful pollutants areemitted in the air, the concentration of the pollutants increase and the environment getscontaminated. The pollution is not caused by just one or two type of pollutants; there are manydifferent pollutants that cause the air pollution. One among them is the fine particulate matterthat causes a threat to the life of people and it also causes the pre mature deaths. Then, there areharmful cases present in the air that includes the nitrogen oxides and the suplhur dioxide. Thelead pollution which is caused by the presence of lead in the air affects the neurological systemin the body of the people and thus many behavioral problems tend to happen. Also, the leadaffects the level of IQ in small children (Shah, 2013). The vehicles release carbon monoxidewhich is again a very harmful pollutant that causes the heart and respiratory disease among thepeople. Many cases have been reported in the past years that have shown the people gettingadmitted in hospitals due to the heart attacks and the strokes. The cases of asthma patients havealso been increased in the past few years (Kanemoto, 2014). These are all the consequences ofthe rise in the pollution level of the air. Thus, UK is facing a very serious environment issuerelated to the air pollution.3